4 Historical Facts that Prove Jesus Really Did Rise from the Dead


>>ANNOUNCER: TODAY ON THE JOHN ANKERBERG SHOW: WHY WOULD ANYONE BELIEVE THAT JESUS CHRIST WAS CRUCIFIED AND DIED ON A CROSS IN JERUSALEM, WAS BURIED IN A TOMB AND THEN ROSE FROM THE DEAD THREE DAYS LATER? YOU MAY BE SURPRISED TO LEARN THAT THERE ARE FOUR HISTORICAL FACTS THAT ARE ACCEPTED BY THE MAJORITY OF NEW TESTAMENT SCHOLARSHIP TODAY THAT LEAD TO THE CONCLUSION THAT JESUS REALLY DID RISE FROM THE DEAD. WHAT ARE THESE FACTS? TODAY YOU WILL FIND OUT ON THIS SPECIAL EDITION OF THE JOHN ANKERBERG SHOW.>>JOHN ANKERBERG: HI, I’M JOHN ANKERBERG. THANKS FOR JOINING ME. OUR TOPIC TODAY IS AN IMPORTANT ONE. ARE THERE FOUR HISTORICAL FACTS THAT LEAD TO THE CONCLUSION THAT JESUS ROSE FROM THE DEAD? MY GUEST TODAY WHO WILL TELL US IS DR. WILLIAM LANE CRAIG, WHO HOLDS A PHD IN PHILOSOPHY FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM IN ENGLAND AND A DOCTOR OF THEOLOGY DEGREE FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH. NOW THE HISTORICAL EVIDENCE SURROUNDING JESUS’ RESURRECTION WAS OF SUCH INTEREST TO HIM THAT HE WROTE HIS DOCTORAL DISSERTATION ON THIS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH. AND WHAT HE DISCOVERED HE SAID SHOCKED HIM. I’D LIKE YOU TO LISTEN WHY.>>DR. WILLIAM LANE CRAIG: HAVING STUDIED THE KALAM COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR MY PHILOSOPHICAL DOCTORATE, I WANTED TO FOLLOW UP BY DOING DOCTORAL STUDIES IN GERMANY UNDER ONE OF THE WORLD’S LEADING GERMAN THEOLOGIANS, WOLFHART PANNENBERG. AND I WROTE MY DOCTORAL DISSERTATION ON THE HISTORICITY OF JESUS’ RESURRECTION. NOW, AS A CHRISTIAN, I ALREADY BELIEVED IN THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS. BUT I MUST SAY, JOHN, THAT AS A RESULT OF MY STUDY I WAS ABSOLUTELY ASTONISHED, REALLY TAKEN ABACK, BY THE FACT THAT THE FACTS UNDERGIRDING THE INFERENCE TO THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS ARE TODAY ACKNOWLEDGED BY THE WIDE MAJORITY OF NEW TESTAMENT HISTORIANS WHO HAVE INVESTIGATED THE HISTORICAL JESUS. AND THAT QUITE SHOCKED ME. THESE ARE NOT THE CONCLUSIONS PECULIAR TO CONSERVATIVE SCHOLARS, OR EVANGELICAL SCHOLARS; BUT THESE REPRESENT THE MAJORITY VIEW OF THE WIDE SPECTRUM OF NEW TESTAMENT SCHOLARSHIP TODAY, INCLUDING PERSONS WHO TEACH AT NON-EVANGELICAL SEMINARIES AND UNIVERSITIES, AND NON-CHRISTIAN SCHOLARS SUCH AS JEWISH SCHOLARS TODAY. SO THE FUNDAMENTAL FACTS THAT UNDERGIRD THE INFERENCE TO JESUS’ RESURRECTION ARE QUITE FIRMLY ESTABLISHED AND RECOGNIZED BY THE MAJORITY OF NEW TESTAMENT CRITICISM.>>ANKERBERG: YEAH, AND YOU SAY THAT THERE ARE FOUR HISTORICAL FACTS THAT ANY SERIOUS HISTORIAN THAT’S INVESTIGATING THIS TOPIC MUST DEAL WITH, AND THESE FOUR FACTS ARE ACCEPTED BY THE MAJORITY OF CRITICAL SCHOLARS OF EVERY STRIPE AND FLAVOR. WHAT ARE THOSE FOUR HISTORICAL FACTS?>>CRAIG: THEY CAN BE CONVENIENTLY GROUPED IN THESE FOLLOWING FOUR HEADINGS. NUMBER ONE, THAT JESUS OF NAZARETH WAS GIVEN A PROPER BURIAL, FOLLOWING HIS CRUCIFIXION, IN A TOMB, BY A MEMBER OF THE JEWISH SANHEDRIN NAMED JOSEPH OF ARIMATHEA. SECOND FACT IS THAT, THAT TOMB WAS THEN DISCOVERED EMPTY BY A GROUP OF JESUS’ FEMALE FOLLOWERS ON THE SUNDAY MORNING AFTER HIS CRUCIFIXION. THIRDLY IS THAT VARIOUS INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS OF PEOPLE, UNDER A VARIETY OF CIRCUMSTANCES AND AT VARIOUS LOCALS, EXPERIENCED APPEARANCES OF JESUS ALIVE AFTER HIS DEATH. AND FINALLY, NUMBER FOUR, THAT THE ORIGINAL DISCIPLES SUDDENLY AND SINCERELY CAME TO BELIEVE THAT GOD HAD RAISED JESUS FROM THE DEAD DESPITE THEIR HAVING EVERY PREDISPOSITION TO THE CONTRARY.>>ANKERBERG: YEAH. TAKE THE FIRST ONE, THE HONORABLE BURIAL OF JESUS.>>CRAIG: THE BURIAL OF JESUS IS SO IMPORTANT; BECAUSE IF THE SITE OF JESUS’ GRAVE WERE KNOWN IN JERUSALEM TO BOTH JEW AND CHRISTIAN ALIKE, THEN IT IS IMPOSSIBLE THAT A MOVEMENT FOUNDED UPON BELIEF IN THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS COULD ARISE AND FLOURISH IN JERUSALEM IN THE FACE OF A TOMB CONTAINING HIS CORPSE. SO THE BURIAL OF JESUS IS A VERY IMPORTANT STEP TOWARD THE INFERENCE TO THE EMPTY TOMB. AND MOST SCHOLARS RECOGNIZE THAT THE BURIAL ACCOUNT OF JESUS IS IN FACT HISTORICAL. FIRST OF ALL, IT IS ATTESTED IN INDEPENDENT, EARLY SOURCES. THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CRITERIA THAT HISTORIANS USE IN ASSESSING THE HISTORICITY OF ANY EVENT. IF AN EVENT IS INDEPENDENTLY ATTESTED IN EARLY SOURCES, THEN IT’S MUCH LESS LIKELY TO HAVE BEEN MADE UP, BUT ACTUALLY REPRESENTS THE FACTS. AND IN THE CASE OF JESUS’ BURIAL, WE HAVE MULTIPLE EARLY SOURCES FOR THE FACT OF JESUS’ BURIAL IN THE TOMB. FIRST WOULD BE THE PRE-MARKAN PASSION STORY, THAT IS TO SAY, THE STORY OF THE FINAL WEEK OF JESUS’ LIFE THAT WAS USED BY MARK IN WRITING HIS GOSPEL. THIS IS ONE OF THE EARLIEST SOURCES BEHIND THE NEW TESTAMENT, AND PROBABLY GOES BACK TO WITHIN TEN YEARS AFTER JESUS’ DEATH, TO THE EYEWITNESSES. A SECOND EARLY SOURCE WOULD BE THE TRADITION THAT PAUL PASSES ON IN HIS FIRST LETTER TO THE CHURCH IN CORINTH, GREECE. THERE PAUL RECITES THIS FORMULA THAT HE HIMSELF RECEIVED AND THEN PASSED ON TO THE CORINTHIANS. AND THAT FORMULA SAYS, “CHRIST DIED FOR OUR SINS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE SCRIPTURES; THAT HE WAS BURIED; THAT HE WAS RAISED ON THE THIRD DAY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE SCRIPTURES; AND HE APPEARED TO CEPHAS, THEN TO THE TWELVE.” AND THE SECOND LINE OF THAT FORMULA REFERS TO JESUS’ BURIAL. THIS FORMULA, PASSED ON BY PAUL, HAS BEEN DATED TO WITHIN THE FIRST FIVE YEARS AFTER JESUS’ CRUCIFIXION. THUS WE HAVE INDEPENDENT ATTESTATION OF JESUS’ BURIAL IN TWO OF THE EARLIEST SOURCES BEHIND THE NEW TESTAMENT, NOT TO MENTION A NUMBER OF OTHER SOURCES. SO THAT WE HAVE VERY GOOD GROUNDS FOR BELIEVING THAT IN FACT JESUS WAS BURIED IN THE TOMB AS THE PRE-MARKAN PASSION STORY RELATES.>>ANKERBERG: YES. LET ME JUST STOP RIGHT THERE AND SAY THAT A LOT OF OUR LISTENERS MAY FIND IT INTERESTING TO HEAR THAT THE GOSPEL WRITERS USED SOURCES. BUT LUKE ACTUALLY SAYS THAT IN HIS PREFACE. HE EXAMINED THESE, ALL OF THESE THINGS BEFORE HE WROTE. HE GOT TOGETHER THE INFORMATION LIKE A KID DOING A TERM PAPER, AND HE USED DIFFERENT SOURCES THAT HE THOUGHT WERE CREDIBLE. AND IN LUKE’S CASE IT WAS EYEWITNESSES. MARK’S COMES TOGETHER. AND THE SCHOLARS CAN TELL THAT THIS IS ONE CONTINUOUS FLOW OF INFORMATION…>>CRAIG: THAT’S RIGHT.>>ANKERBERG: …AND MARK USED THIS EARLY SOURCE, SCHOLARS CAN DOCUMENT THIS, THIS IS WHAT YOU’RE TALKING ABOUT.>>CRAIG: THAT’S RIGHT. THAT’S EXACTLY RIGHT. NOW, A SECOND REASON TO THINK THAT THE BURIAL STORY IS ACCURATE IS THE CRITERION OF EMBARRASSMENT. THIS CRITERION STATES THAT IF AN INCIDENT OR EVENT IS AWKWARD OR EMBARRASSING FOR THE EARLY CHRISTIAN CHURCH, THEN IT’S MORE LIKELY TO BE HISTORICAL. AND THE STORY OF THE BURIAL BY JOSEPH OF ARIMATHEA PASSES THIS CRITERION. JESUS WAS NOT BURIED BY HIS FAMILY MEMBERS OR BY HIS DEVOTED DISCIPLES; INSTEAD THEY ALL DESERTED HIM. AND INSTEAD HE’S BURIED BY A MEMBER OF THE HATED SANHEDRIN, THE JEWISH COURT, ALL OF WHOM, MARK SAYS, VOTED TO CONDEMN JESUS TO THE CROSS. SO THE BURIAL BY JOSEPH OF ARIMATHEA IS VERY PROBABLE HISTORICALLY. IT IS HIGHLY UNLIKELY THAT THE EARLY CHRISTIANS WOULD HAVE INVENTED A STORY ABOUT A MEMBER OF THE SANHEDRIN GIVING JESUS A PROPER BURIAL IN A TOMB. IF THIS HAD NOT BEEN IN FACT…>>ANKERBERG: …THE CASE.>>CRAIG: …THE CASE. SO I FIND THIS JUST AMAZING; THAT WE ACTUALLY KNOW THE NAME OF MAN WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE INTERMENT OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. THIS IS JUST ASTONISHING. JOHN A.T. ROBINSON PROFESSOR OF NEW TESTAMENT STUDIES AT CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY, AND SOMEONE VERY FAR FROM A CONSERVATIVE OR EVANGELICAL, SUMMARIZES IT BY SAYING THAT THE BURIAL OF JESUS IN THE TOMB IS ONE OF THE EARLIEST AND BEST-ATTESTED FACTS ABOUT JESUS.>>ANKERBERG: YEAH. ALRIGHT, LET’S MOVE ON TO FACT NUMBER TWO THAT THE MAJORITY OF CRITICAL SCHOLARS ACCEPT, AND IT’S THIS: ON THE SUNDAY FOLLOWING THE CRUCIFIXION, JESUS’ TOMB WAS FOUND EMPTY BY A GROUP OF HIS WOMEN FOLLOWERS. WHY DO CRITICAL SCHOLARS THINK THAT THIS FACT POINTS TO THE HISTORICAL CREDIBILITY OF THE EMPTY TOMB STORY?>>CRAIG: WELL, AGAIN, THE EMPTY TOMB ACCOUNT IS ATTESTED IN INDEPENDENT AND EARLY SOURCES. WE HAVE AROUND SIX DIFFERENT INDEPENDENT SOURCES ATTESTING TO THE FACT OF THE DISCOVERY OF JESUS’ EMPTY TOMB. ONE OF THESE AGAIN WOULD BE THE PRE-MARKAN PASSION STORY. THE PASSION STORY DOES NOT END WITH THE BURIAL. THE EMPTY TOMB STORY IS PART OF THE PASSION ACCOUNT. IT IS LINKED TO THE BURIAL ACCOUNT BY GRAMMATICAL AND LINGUISTIC TIES. IT REALLY IS ONE NARRATIVE. AND THE STORY DOES NOT END UNTIL THE DISCOVERY OF THE EMPTY TOMB. SIMILARLY, IN THAT PRE-PAULINE FORMULA THAT PAUL QUOTES IN HIS LETTER TO THE CHURCH IN CORINTH, THE THIRD LINE OF THE SAYING SAYS: “AND HE WAS RAISED ON THE THIRD DAY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE SCRIPTURES.” NOW, THERE ARE TWO INDICATIONS THERE THAT THE EMPTY TOMB STICKS BEHIND THIS LINE OF THE SAYING. FIRST, WHEN YOU COMPARE THE FOUR LINES OF THE SAYING TO THE GOSPEL ACCOUNTS ON THE ONE HAND, AND THE SERMONS IN THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES, WHAT YOU FIND IS THAT THE FIRST LINE CORRESPONDS TO THE CRUCIFIXION; THE SECOND LINE, “AND THAT HE WAS BURIED,” CORRESPONDS TO THE BURIAL ACCOUNT; THE THIRD LINE, “HE WAS RAISED ON THE THIRD DAY,” CORRESPONDS TO THE EMPTY TOMB STORY; AND THEN, “HE APPEARED TO CEPHAS, THEN TO THE TWELVE,” CORRESPONDS TO THE STORY OF THE APPEARANCES. SO THAT WHAT PAUL IS GIVING IS A SORT OF SERMON OUTLINE, IF YOU WILL, IN WHICH THE THIRD POINT OF THE OUTLINE IS THE EMPTY TOMB STORY. THE OTHER INDICATION IS THE PHRASE, “ON THE THIRD DAY.” WHY DID THEY USE THIS TERMINOLOGY? WELL, TO MAKE A LONG STORY SHORT, THIS IS MOST PROBABLE BECAUSE IT WAS ON THE THIRD DAY, ACCORDING TO JEWISH RECKONING, THAT THE WOMEN FOUND THE TOMB EMPTY. AND SO NATURALLY THE RESURRECTION CAME TO BE DATED ON THAT DAY. SO IN PAUL’S INFORMATION WE ALSO HAVE VERY EARLY EVIDENCE FOR THE EMPTY TOMB. WE ALSO HAVE OTHER INDEPENDENT SOURCES BEHIND LUKE AND MATTHEW, THE SERMONS IN THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES, SO THAT THE EMPTY TOMB STORY IS ABUNDANTLY ATTESTED IN INDEPENDENT EARLY SOURCES. HISTORIANS THINK THAT THEY’VE HIT HISTORICAL PAY DIRT IF THEY CAN FIND TWO INDEPENDENT EARLY ACCOUNTS OF AN EVENT. BUT IN THE CASE OF THE EMPTY TOMB STORY WE HAVE AROUND SIX SUCH INDEPENDENT EARLY SOURCES.>>ANKERBERG: ALRIGHT, THEN COME ON BACK TO THE WOMEN. WHY IS THE FACT THAT IT’S RECORDED THAT WOMEN FOUND THE TOMB EMPTY? WHY DO CRITICAL SCHOLARS THINK THAT THIS FACT POINTS TO THE HISTORICAL CREDIBILITY OF THE EMPTY TOMB STORY?>>CRAIG: THIS IS ONE OF THE BEST EXAMPLES OF THE CRITERION OF EMBARRASSMENT AT WORK. REMEMBER, THE CRITERION OF EMBARRASSMENT SAYS THAT, IF A FACT OR INCIDENT IS EMBARRASSING OR AWKWARD FOR THE CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT, IT’S UNLIKELY TO HAVE BEEN MADE UP BY THEM. THE DISCOVERY OF THE EMPTY TOMB BY WOMEN IS SUCH A FACT. IN FIRST CENTURY JEWISH SOCIETY, THE TESTIMONY OF WOMEN WAS REGARDED AS SO WORTHLESS THAT THEY, THEY WOULDN’T BE BELIEVED. THE JEWISH HISTORIAN JOSEPHUS ACTUALLY SAYS THAT THE TESTIMONY OF WOMEN SHOULD NOT EVEN BE ADMITTED INTO COURT BECAUSE OF THE LEVITY AND BRASHNESS OF THEIR SEX. SO WOMEN WITNESSES WERE WORTHLESS. SECONDLY, IT ALSO SHOWS HOW THE DISCIPLES HAD DESERTED JESUS. ANY LATER LEGENDARY ACCOUNT WOULD HAVE PETER AND JOHN COME AND DISCOVER THE EMPTY TOMB, NOT WOMEN WHOSE TESTIMONY WAS WORTHLESS. SO THE FACT THAT IT IS WOMEN WHO ARE THE DISCOVERERS OF AND PRINCIPLE WITNESSES TO THE FACT OF THE EMPTY TOMB IS BEST EXPLAINED BY THE FACT THAT, LIKE IT OR NOT, THEY WERE THE DISCOVERERS OF THE EMPTY TOMB. AND THE GOSPEL WRITERS RECORD WHAT, FOR THEM, WAS A RATHER AWKWARD AND EMBARRASSING FACT.>>ANKERBERG: YOU SAY ANOTHER INDICATION OF THE CREDIBILITY OF THE EMPTY TOMB ACCOUNT IS THE FACT THAT VERY ENEMIES OF THE EARLIEST DISCIPLES PRESUPPOSED THE EMPTY TOMB. WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT?>>CRAIG: I’M TALKING ABOUT THE EFFORT IN THE 28TH CHAPTER OF THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW TO REFUTE THE EARLIEST JEWISH RESPONSE TO THE DISCIPLES’ PROCLAMATION OF JESUS’ RESURRECTION. WHAT WERE JEWS SAYING IN RESPONSE TO THE DISCIPLES’ PROCLAMATION, “HE IS RISEN FROM THE DEAD.” WERE THEY SAYING, “HIS BODY’S STILL THERE IN THE TOMB IN THE GARDEN.” OR “THESE MEN ARE DRUNK WITH NEW WINE.” NO, THEY WERE SAYING, “THE DISCIPLES CAME BY NIGHT AND STOLE AWAY HIS BODY.” NOW, THINK ABOUT THAT FOR A MINUTE: THE DISCIPLES CAME BY NIGHT AND STOLE AWAY HIS BODY. THE EARLIEST JEWISH RESPONSE TO THE PROCLAMATION TO THE RESURRECTION WAS ITSELF AN ATTEMPT TO EXPLAIN WHY THE BODY WAS MISSING. AND SO THE JEWISH AUTHORITIES ENTANGLED THEMSELVES IN THIS HOPELESS SERIES OF ABSURDITIES TRYING TO EXPLAIN AWAY THE EMPTY TOMB. THIS IS EVIDENCE FOR THE HISTORICITY OF THE EMPTY TOMB THAT IS ABSOLUTELY TOP DRAWER, BECAUSE IT COMES NOT FROM THE EARLY CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT, BUT FROM THE VERY ENEMIES OF THE CHRISTIANS WHO THEMSELVES TESTIFY TO THE FACT THAT THE BODY WAS GONE.>>ANKERBERG: FANTASTIC. LET’S GO TO FACT NUMBER THREE. YOU SAY THAT THE THIRD HISTORICAL FACT ACCEPTED BY THE MAJORITY OF CRITICAL SCHOLARS IS THAT ON MULTIPLE OCCASIONS AND UNDER VARIOUS CIRCUMSTANCES DIFFERENT INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS OF PEOPLE EXPERIENCED APPEARANCES OF JESUS ALIVE FROM THE DEAD. IT’S AMAZING THAT CRITICAL SCHOLARS AGREE WITH THIS FACT.>>CRAIG: AND, AND THIS IS A FACT, JOHN, WHICH I THINK VIRTUALLY 100% OF CRITICAL HISTORIANS ACKNOWLEDGE. I CANNOT THINK OF ANY THAT WOULD DENY THE FACT OF THESE POSTMORTEM EXPERIENCES OF SEEING JESUS ALIVE. ONE REASON FOR THIS IS THAT PAUL PROVIDES A LIST OF SUCH EYEWITNESSES IN THIS EARLY CHRISTIAN TRADITION IN HIS LETTER TO THE CHURCH IN CORINTH, GREECE. THE FINAL LINE OF THAT SAYING IS, “THEN HE APPEARED TO CEPHAS,” THAT’S THE ARAMAIC WORD FOR PETER, THE CHIEF DISCIPLE, HE APPEARED TO PETER, “THEN TO THE TWELVE,” THAT MEANS THE TWELVE DISCIPLES. THEN PAUL BEGINS TO ADD, IN HIS OWN WORDS, ADDITIONAL WITNESSES THAT HE’S AWARE OF. HE SAYS, “THEN HE APPEARED TO MORE THAN FIVE HUNDRED BRETHREN AT ONE TIME, MOST OF WHOM ARE STILL ALIVE, THOUGH SOME HAVE DIED. THEN HE APPEARED TO JAMES,” THAT WOULD BE JESUS’ YOUNGER BROTHER, AND THE CHURCH LEADER IN JERUSALEM. AND THEN PAUL SAYS, FINALLY “TO ALL THE APOSTLES. THEN, LAST OF ALL, AS TO ONE UNTIMELY BORN,” SAYS PAUL, “HE APPEARED ALSO TO ME.” AND ON THE BASIS OF THE EARLINESS OF THIS INFORMATION, AS WELL AS PAUL’S PERSONAL CONTACT WITH PEOPLE LIKE PETER AND JAMES, EVERY NEW TESTAMENT SCHOLAR ACKNOWLEDGES THAT THESE EARLY INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS DID EXPERIENCE THESE APPEARANCES OF JESUS ALIVE AFTER HIS DEATH. NOW, YOU CAN TRY TO EXPLAIN THESE AWAY AS HALLUCINATIONS IF YOU WANT TO, BUT YOU CANNOT RESPONSIBLY DENY THAT THEY OCCURRED.>>ANKERBERG: C.H. DODD ALSO MENTIONED THIS VERY FACT. TALK ABOUT THAT.>>CRAIG: WELL, IT’S SO INTERESTING THAT PAUL DOESN’T JUST LIST THE APPEARANCE TO THE 500 BRETHREN, BUT HE ADDS THIS PARENTHETICAL COMMENT THAT “MOST OF THEM ARE STILL ALIVE, THOUGH SOME HAVE DIED.” NOW, WHY DOES HE ADD THAT? WELL, ONE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ANCIENT HISTORICAL WRITING WAS TO LIST THE EYEWITNESSES WHOM INQUIRERS COULD GO AND SPEAK WITH ABOUT THE EVENT. AND SO PAUL IS SAYING, IN EFFECT, THE WITNESSES ARE THERE TO BE QUESTIONED. PAUL KNEW THAT THESE WITNESSES WERE STILL ABOUT. AND YOU CAN TELL THAT THIS ISN’T JUST SPECULATION ON HIS PART BECAUSE HE WAS AWARE THAT SOME HAD DIED, AND HE MENTIONS THAT. BUT THE OTHERS WERE STILL ABOUT AND COULD BE INTERROGATED IF ONE WANTED TO TALK TO THEM ABOUT WHAT THEY HAD SEEN.>>ANKERBERG: BILL, TALK ABOUT JESUS’ YOUNGER BROTHER JAMES. WHY IS HE SO IMPORTANT TO SCHOLARS THAT HE’S A PART OF THAT LIST?>>CRAIG: THIS IS SO REMARKABLE, JOHN, THAT IN THIS LIST OF APPEARANCES IT INCLUDES JAMES, JESUS’ YOUNGER BROTHER. THIS IS REMARKABLE BECAUSE NEITHER JAMES NOR ANY OF JESUS’ OTHER BROTHERS APPARENTLY BELIEVED IN HIM DURING HIS LIFETIME. THEY DIDN’T THINK HE WAS THE MESSIAH; THEY DIDN’T THINK HE WAS A PROPHET; THEY DIDN’T THINK HE WAS ANYBODY SPECIAL. INDEED, THERE ARE SOME STORIES IN THE GOSPELS THAT SUGGEST THEY THOUGHT THAT JESUS WAS CRAZY. AND YET IN THE BOOK OF ACTS, ALL OF A SUDDEN JESUS’ FAMILY TURNS UP IN THE UPPER ROOM IN WORSHIP WITH THE OTHER CHRISTIANS. AND EVENTUALLY JAMES EMERGES AS ONE OF THE LEADERS IN THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH. HE EVENTUALLY BECOMES THE SOLE ELDER OF THE CHURCH IN JERUSALEM. THAT’S ALL WE HEAR ABOUT JAMES IN THE NEW TESTAMENT. BUT FROM JOSEPHUS, THE JEWISH HISTORIAN, WE LEARN THAT JAMES, THE YOUNGER BROTHER OF JESUS, WAS MARTYRED FOR HIS FAITH IN THE MID-A.D. 60’S DURING A LAPSE IN THE CIVIL GOVERNMENT WHEN THE SANHEDRIN ILLEGALLY STONED HIM TO DEATH. NOW, THINK OF THIS. WHAT WOULD CAUSE JAMES TO MOVE FROM BECOMING AN UNBELIEVER AND SKEPTIC ABOUT HIS OLDER BROTHER, TO BEING WILLING TO DIE FOR HIS BELIEF IN JESUS AS MESSIAH? JESUS’ CRUCIFIXION WOULD ONLY CONFIRM IN JAMES’ MIND THAT HIS OLDER BROTHER WAS DELUSORY. CAN THERE BE ANY DOUBT THAT THE REASON FOR THIS TRANSFORMATION IN JAMES IS WHAT PAUL SAYS, “THEN HE APPEARED TO JAMES”? NOW, MOST OF US HAVE BROTHERS. WHAT WOULD IT TAKE FOR YOU TO BELIEVE THAT YOUR BROTHER IS THE LORD SO THAT YOU WOULD BE READY TO DIE FOR THAT BELIEF? CAN THERE BE ANY DOUBT THAT THIS TRANSFORMATION IN JAMES IS DUE TO THE FACT THAT HE DID EXPERIENCE AN APPEARANCE OF JESUS RISEN FROM THE DEAD?>>ANKERBERG: YEAH, THE FOURTH HISTORICAL FACT WHICH ANY CRITICAL HISTORICAL HYPOTHESIS CONCERNING THE FATE OF JESUS OF NAZARETH HAS TO EXPLAIN IS THIS: THE VERY ORIGIN OF THE DISCIPLES’ BELIEF THAT GOD HAD RAISED JESUS OF NAZARETH FROM THE DEAD. WHAT DO YOU MEAN?>>CRAIG: IT’S AN INDISPUTABLE HISTORICAL DATUM, AGAIN ACKNOWLEDGED BY ALL NEW TESTAMENT HISTORIANS, THAT THE EARLY FOLLOWERS OF JESUS SINCERELY AND SUDDENLY CAME TO BELIEVE THAT GOD HAD RAISED JESUS FROM THE DEAD. NOW, HOW DO YOU EXPLAIN THE ORIGIN OF THIS EXTRAORDINARY BELIEF? THIS BELIEF IS SO UN-JEWISH. ACCORDING TO JEWISH THINKING, MESSIAH WAS NOT SUPPOSED TO BE EXECUTED, HE WAS SUPPOSED TO ESTABLISH DAVID’S THRONE IN JERUSALEM. THE CRUCIFIXION OF JESUS WAS A CATASTROPHE FOR THESE EARLY DISCIPLES. IT WOULD BE IMPOSSIBLE FOR THEM TO CONTINUE TO BELIEVE THAT JESUS WAS MESSIAH, CONFRONTED WITH HIS CRUCIFIXION AND BURIAL IN THE TOMB. SECONDLY, JEWISH BELIEFS ABOUT THE AFTERLIFE PRECLUDED ANYONE’S RISING FROM THE DEAD TO GLORY AND IMMORTALITY BEFORE THE GENERAL RESURRECTION AT THE END OF THE WORLD. CONFRONTED WITH JESUS’ SUFFERING, DEATH, AND ENTOMBMENT, THE DISCIPLES COULD AT MOST HAVE PRESERVED THEIR MASTER’S TOMB AS A SHRINE WHERE PILGRIMAGES MIGHT BE HELD, AND WHERE THEY WOULD AWAIT FOR THE GENERAL RESURRECTION AT THE END OF THE WORLD WHEN THEY AND THEIR MASTER WOULD BE UNITED IN THE KINGDOM OF GOD. BUT THEY WOULDN’T COME TO BELIEVE THAT HE WAS ALREADY RISEN FROM THE DEAD, CONTRARY TO JEWISH THINKING AND THEIR OWN PLAIN EYESIGHT. AND YET IT’S INDISPUTABLE THAT THESE EARLY DISCIPLES DID COME TO BELIEVE THAT GOD HAD RAISED JESUS FROM THE DEAD DESPITE EVERY PREDISPOSITION TO THE CONTRARY. IT SEEMS TO ME THAT THE BEST EXPLANATION FOR THIS EXTRAORDINARY TRANSFORMATION IN THE DISCIPLES IS THE ONE THAT THEY GAVE: GOD RAISED JESUS FROM THE DEAD. AND THAT MADE IT POSSIBLE TO BELIEVE THAT JESUS WAS MESSIAH AFTER ALL. AND THEY SAW JESUS’ RESURRECTION THEN AS THE FORERUNNER OF OUR OWN GENERAL RESURRECTION, WHICH WOULD TAKE PLACE AT THE END OF THE WORLD. SO WE’VE SEEN THAT THERE ARE FOUR FACTS, WHICH ARE GENERALLY ACKNOWLEDGED BY THE HISTORICAL COMMUNITY TODAY. THE ONLY QUESTION IS, HOW DO YOU BEST EXPLAIN THESE? WELL, DOWN THROUGH HISTORY, SKEPTICAL SCHOLARS HAVE OFFERED VARIOUS HYPOTHESES, LIKE THE DISCIPLES STOLE THE BODY, OR JESUS WASN’T REALLY DEAD. AND ALL OF THESE HAVE BEEN UNIVERSALLY REJECTED BY CONTEMPORARY SCHOLARSHIP. THE FACT IS THAT THERE JUST ISN’T ANY PLAUSIBLE NATURALISTIC EXPLANATION OF THESE FACTS. AND THEREFORE I THINK THE CHRISTIAN IS WELL WITHIN HIS RIGHTS IN BELIEVING THAT GOD RAISED JESUS FROM THE DEAD AND THAT JESUS THEREFORE WAS WHO HE CLAIMED TO BE. WE SAW THAT JESUS’ CRUCIFIXION WAS INSTIGATED FOR HIS BLASPHEMOUS CLAIMS TO BE THE MESSIAH, THE SON OF GOD, THE SON OF MAN. IF THIS MAN HAS BEEN RAISED BY GOD FROM THE DEAD, THEN GOD HAS PUBLICLY AND UNEQUIVOCALLY VINDICATED THOSE ALLEGEDLY BLASPHEMOUS CLAIMS FOR WHICH HE WAS CRUCIFIED; SO THAT THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS IS GOD’S DIVINE IMPRIMATUR VINDICATING WHO JESUS REALLY WAS.>>ANKERBERG: NOW AFTER LISTENING TODAY, DO YOU BELIEVE THAT JESUS DID CLAIM TO BE GOD, AND GAVE PROOF OF HIS CLAIM BY HIS RESURRECTION FROM THE DEAD? THEN WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH JESUS? TODAY WOULD YOU BE WILLING TO PRAY AND TELL JESUS YOU ARE PLACING YOUR FAITH IN WHAT HE DID FOR YOU ON THE CROSS, ASK HIM TO FORGIVE YOU OF YOUR SINS AND COME INTO YOUR LIFE? YOU KNOW IF YOU WILL INVITE JESUS TO COME INTO YOUR LIFE AND BE YOUR SAVIOR AND LORD, HE WILL. HE’LL DO IT RIGHT NOW. WOULD YOU PRAY WITH ME AND SAY, “GOD, I KNOW THAT I’M A SINNER. I KNOW I MUST RECEIVE CHRIST. AT THIS MOMENT, I TRUST JESUS TO BE MY SAVIOR FROM SIN. I INVITE YOU TO COME INTO MY LIFE TO BE MY SAVIOR AND THE LORD OF MY LIFE. 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100 Replies to “4 Historical Facts that Prove Jesus Really Did Rise from the Dead”

  1. What a pile of rubbish. None of this can be actually proven. What someone at some point wrote down is not evidence and certainly not proof in the pure sense. But then again a whole lot of "history" -can not be actually be proven.

  2. Jesus was buried in the tomb and must have started to putrify immediately in the heat of the climate of the Middle East. Eat that, silly believers!

  3. I am an ex Muslim, Jesus appeared to me while I was a muslim. He is indeed risen from dead and He is one who claimed to be, the mighty God, Lord of the lords. praise God

  4. Which of the three Religions of the book follow the ten commandments the closest. It's why Islam is the fastest growing religion despite the hate propaganda.

  5. To prove the Bible all you have to do is look at the history of the Jewish people. The number of prophecies fulfilled . The fact that the country has returned to existence in 1948. They speak the language of their ancestors. When has a country ever returned to life ? And this being predicted ? The Bible is correct about this. The Bible is correct about Jesus as well. No doubt. His disciples recorded exactly what they saw. How unlikely is it that a man after being killed, return to life 3 days later ? How many people have done that ? Lazarus ? How many nations have returned to existence after almost 2000 years ? Speak the same language? Worship the same God ? Return to the same land ? None, besides Israel, that I know of. The same book that predicted the survival and reestablishment of that Nation also tells the story of Jesus. I think it would be a very good idea to pay attention to what that book says. Does anybody notice that no one seems to like Christians or Israel that much. The Bible talks about that at length. If you study real history , the record of people and nations, and compare the fulfilled predictions, of the most unlikely and unprecedented things that have occured regarding Israel that correlate exactly with Biblical predictions. The fact that Israel exists is astonishing. I think that the Bible is right about Jesus too.

  6. It's so very disappointing that none of the original Apostles had their doctorates from major universities… what comprised their armamentaria was the ability to proclaim that while having neither silver nor gold nor a degree from the University they did have the power to lay hands on people and raise them up from a crippled state to an whole state. The modern church with all her lobbying power and financial strength and technological prowess is still, alas, nothing more than a fly buzzing about the nose of the world. A form of godliness w/out the power thereof. This is what Paul had in mind by, "superiority of speech and wisdom." We have all the apologetic intricacies and subtleties of argument… but no one is listening or cares to listen.

  7. That first fact is such a STRETCH! How does it pass the this "criterion of embarrassment"? John 19:38, Luke 23:50-51, Mark 15:42-43 and Matthew 27:57 ALL affirm that Joseph of Arimathea was a disciple of Jesus and awaiting the kingdom of God. All also affirm that he came to Pilate which makes sense. Of course, a "distinguished" member of the council (gospel of mark) could have the authority to access the body.

  8. After researching this topic for many years…
    Yeshua/Jesus´ resurrection happened on Saturday.
    God/Elohim blessings to all on earth and in the heavens.

  9. These are not "facts"; they be are beliefs from the NT. I don't think they are a problem for so-called serious historians.

  10. "wide spectrum of NT scholarship today" etc. is simply NOT true. Why do you all have to appeal to authority? There are no facts here. All Craig's facts come from the bible.

  11. The ministry of Jesus can be summed up, he went around doing good, encouraging us to learn right from wrong and do right an make life on earth as it is in heaven ,

  12. If Judas killed himself, why does Paul say, "and then the 12". There were only 11. All the gospels have a different account of the story and all contradict who saw Jesus and who saw him first

  13. It is hilarious that some who comment here dismiss this as a belief only. These FACTS are studied by responsible even atheists scholars who dedicated years and are very well educated people with even doctorates! Hey if you don’t want to believe no thing will make you believe. Even people in Jesus time seeing him doing miracles deny His deity. We as christians don’t need any prove cause we know this is True, and NO ONE WILL MAKE US DENY WHAT WE KNOW AND EXPERIENCED this is not a competition is a stand for our faith if you deny the obvious even if God Himself came to present to you , you will deny it so go on with your life when it ends you will see but sorry you will be late.

  14. Why would anyone need proof when one has faith?

    If one does not have faith, why would one care if Jesus actually lived or not?

    I don’t get this stuff.

  15. Excellant teaching for the open and searching soul. Haters already have decided on their error. Closed minds are a sad destination for eternity. Blessings to all .

  16. To believe in God is one thing. To experience God is to know God, belief turns into knowing via experience

  17. Being as a Christian and realize something that is being taught and being told though the scriptures! I am very familiar what this video is talking about Jesus death! I just have one main question? Are you familiar with Abrahamic Religion? I just don't trust Abrahamic Religion and always hiding the true ancient teachings. Just let you folks to be aware of. Try to study the history of Abrahamic Religion and how Alex the Great conquer the Northern of Egypt. Great to study for the truth and the history lives on:)

  18. To accept christianity one would have to switch ones brain off and follow ones emotions.
    I DID that for years.

  19. It is all summed up very nicely by Pope Leo X (Giovanni De Medice) who was Pope 1513-1521. At a Vatican feast he toasted with a glass of wine held high, "How well we know what a profitable superstition this fable of Christ has been for us and our predecessors…" The Church  tried to hide this unsuccessfully, because it was recorded by two who were present, Cardinals Bembo and Jovius. Subsequently the Vatican had to admit that the Pope had spoken the truth.

  20. Kool aid anyone? How bout some Reebok’s I hear the space ship is coming soon? All kidding aside what if ???? Jesus message was God is in you (you need nothing else god of the universe) sin is bs and the father you know from the Old Testament isn’t God? And the Jews killed him for that blasphemy and all the other things he taught were just not sure about? How bout some good ol not sure maybe….but then I can’t judge and condemn people hmmmm I’ll keep it the way it is don’t want to give that up!

  21. Remember a fact is something that can be proven….all this is from the bible…that is like saying wizards can fly on brooms because it is in a Harry Potter book….debunked

  22. Not only did he die; he is do much more than that. Jesus is our father Adam, and this is written in Mathew chapter 23v. 8,9.

  23. 2 days after i died a new Christ was made by god among Simon Peter looking just like king David under stand American

  24. do you know how much i love you to confess im alive looks like i a fool your not my brother yet a thief

  25. please speak the name of Jesus and ask Him into your heart … Jesus, I love you, I'm sorry, forgive me, thank you.

  26. I realized that the Bible was true when I studied it for myself as one would when presented with a murder case or detective work like a cop would do it. It came down to one night in 1972 after I saw Billy Graham on TV that I realized that what Jesus claimed to be is true. I realized that if I rejected Him I was in some crap. I realized that the truth was He is the Messiah and I as one who thought that he was a rational man could only accept the truth no matter how much it cost me. So glad I did! Jesus is who He says he is.

  27. Is Dr Craig still with us? I would love to witness a debate on the historical Jesus between Dr. Craig and Reza Aslan.
    I really believe that it would be interesting to see these two personalities clash a little and yet move through it with grace and inner- -standing of capital T

  28. Just claims made by some body and not one reference of the independent resources mentioned just claims. No proof of anything being claimed, just someone trying to prove the bible claims with what the bible claims again.

  29. I can't recall that Joseph of Arimantea was from the Sanhedrin, I think the Bible only says he was a rich man?

  30. because its a older religion got bastardized by constintine just look at the edgyption gods and the sumrian texts all the same stories and stories from india as well these scholars cant argue with these facts a false one is nazzerath never was a town in the tme no accounts of it at the time or much later the sources were written after at least 70 years after the story its a luciferian cult tell a story often enough and long enough and the masses will believe it

  31. Very exciting synopsis. But with all due respect, James would have been Jesus older brother. Remember Joseph had children before he married Mary and they were called; "the sons of Joseph". The scriptures also mentioned He (Jesus) had sisters. Also interestingly, the four brothers were named. There is absolutely no records nor suggestions that Mary had any children after Jesus. If so, wouldn't they or he (James) have taken care of her after Jesus died on the cross? He Jesus was her sole support. He took care of Mary after her husband Joseph died when he took over the carpenter shop and was obviously still supporting her throughout his ministry. She was not the mother of the sons of Joseph nor Joseph's daughters. This is why He handed to the apostle John the care of his mother.

  32. Jesus did raise from the dead. If you don’t believe just wait till he appears in the clouds or you stand before him in judgment. Then tell him he didn’t raise from the dead. LOL. unbelievers don’t you want to be loved? He loves you any how. Lol.

  33. Part of Jesus` ministry was casting out unclean spirits(demons) as in the book of Acts,KJV.Witches are taking out people`s souls and demons control the masses.See these videos by Win Worley,The Fragmented soul,Loosing the spirits of God,his mass deliverance videos.See the video Routing demons by John EChardt.

  34. We are not under the law and never was, and the law was for the Israelites and not for non chosen not Jewish peoples of the world. The law of God was for the chosen people of God and was not intended for the Gentiles or heathens, Pagans or Barbarians, the law was only for the children of Israel, Even now the law has no jurisdiction here out side of the kingdom of God and we are not sinners, since their is no law of God here, then their is no sin and or sinners at this present point in time here on planet earth. And we are under Grace, and not under the condemnation, and we are saved by the mercy of God.

  35. This information is interesting however I find it appalling that they're trying to sell us DVDs at the end and masking it as me giving them a gift. They want me to give them a gift but they don't want to give me a gift. Please, this is textbook religious profiteering!!!!

  36. If you study more religious history, there were many messiahs. All of them we put to death, but Jesus was the only one who rose from the dead. I love that fact. That is why people were willing to die, because of Jesus. If Jesus had not risen from the dead, there would be no such thing as Christianity.

  37. Andrew, just making the point to those trying to disprove scripture because of lack of Roman historical evidence to subsequent resurrection events. There may have been evidence. As far as the Bible, I believe about 3% of Christians and 99% of atheists believe its content as hypothesized data. Faith is not a Petri dish.

  38. Isnt it established that joseph of arimathea was mary's uncle and one of the richest men in israel? here is info found online about him:

    Joseph of Arimathea was quite an enigma! From history we learn that he was previously known as Joseph de Marmore as he lived in Marmorica in Egypt before he moved to Arimathea.1 There is speculation that Joseph of Arimathea, or Joseph of Glastonbury as he later became known, was the uncle of Mary, mother of Jesus. The relationship to Mary made him a Great Uncle of Jesus. From this, we may presume that he was an elderly man at the time of the crucifixion. We have few verifiable details about Joseph except that he was he was quite wealthy. Some claim that Joseph of Arimathea was a merchant in metals and took young Jesus with him on his business trips to England, India, and even to South America. It is a well documented fact that Britain led the world at this time with its tin mining. Joseph of Arimathea was referred to by the Romans as 'Nobilis Decurio' or Minister of Mines to the Roman Government.

    Joseph of Arimathea was not one of the original 12 apostles, but he was a disciple of Jesus and was an important man in his own right. He is mentioned in all four gospels (Matthew: 27:57-60; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-55; John 19:38-42). He was a high counselor, a voting member of the Sanhedrin2 which officially wanted Jesus condemned to death. We may speculate that he had not consented to, or agreed with, the decision to push Pontius Pilate to impose the death penalty upon Jesus. In spite of his relationship with Jesus, his loyalty to Him was largely kept secret (John 19:38). Jesus was obviously unpopular with the elders of the church, and to outwardly support Him did not bring favor in their eyes (John 19:38).

    Even though Joseph of Arimathea had attempted to keep his love for Jesus a secret, he boldly went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus to be placed in his trust. This is significant in and of itself. Joseph of Arimathea, not Mary Jesus' mother, not Mary Magdalene, or any of the apostles were entrusted with the act of taking Jesus down from the cross. Most of the apostles had fled anyway. Joseph took the body and put it in his own tomb. According to various historical sources, Joseph's actions provoked both the Roman and Jewish elders and he eventually did spend time in prison for his support of Jesus.3

    Other historical sources report that Joseph of Arimathea went on a preaching mission to Gaul with the apostle Phillip, Mary Magdalene, Lazarus, and others sometime between the years A.D. 37 and A.D. 63 (the year is in dispute). At Marseilles, Lazarus and Mary parted company with the main group who continued on further up North. When Joseph's party reached the English Channel, Phillip sent Joseph with 12 disciples to the furthest corner of the Roman Empire, the Island of the Britons. Legend has it that Joseph sailed around Land's End at the southern tip of England with the intent of catching up with old business acquaintances in the lead and tin mines. They ran aground in the Glastonbury marshes. Once again, it is reported that after climbing a nearby hill to survey the countryside, they were exhausted and Joseph thrust into the ground a staff made from the 'Holy Crown of Thorns' worn by Christ. He announced that he and his traveling companions were all weary. It is legendry that the thorn staff immediately took root and the thorn bush can still be seen today on 'Wearyall Hill.' Joseph built a church (Vetusta Ecclesia)5 of mud and wattle on the site and decreed that 12 monks should always reside in that most sacred place. It is interesting to note that a spirited shrub which grows near the now ruined Abbey is of the same type that grows in the Eastern Mediterranean and flowers only twice a year – Christmas time and Easter.6

    It is also claimed that Joseph collected some of the blood and sweat of Christ after His side was pierced as He hung on the cross. The chalice or cup which Joseph used to collect the fluids is reported to be the same one used during the last supper. Joseph took the cup with him on his voyage to England and is said to have hidden it on the site at Glastonbury, at the bottom of a deep well, called the 'Chalice Well', or the 'Blood Well.' The well is a rather curious place, 25 thousand gallons of red-tinted water pass through the well area each day. The red tint is caused by high iron content in the water.3

  39. These are not facts merely heresay. A fact HAS to be proveable with evidence not just something that is written in scripture. There is as much evidence for Santa as there is for the 'nazarene'.

  40. Thats Great brother we christians have a great Hope of everlasting life because our Lord Jesus Christ died on the cross of Calvary for our sins no one is perfect and we all are sinners and fallen short of glory of God Jesus is the physical manifestation of God

  41. I would like to have information that confirms that Jesus Christ is gods son in the old TorahWhen you are giving me all this information

  42. A Poster named James Tomas teaches that "Jesus' had AND STILL HAS 2 NATURES! Mr. Tomas says ONLY the 2nd NATURE of "Jesus" died BUT HIS FIRST NATURE DID NOT DIE AND THE FIRST NATURE OF "Jesus" RESURRECTED HIS OWN 2nd NATURE!! How did I respond to Mr. Tomas?
    I asked him what does it say in Revelation Chapter 1 verse 18, > "I am the Living One; I was dead, and now look, I am alive forevermore." James Tomas said, when "Jesus" said I WAS dead, He meant his 2nd Nature WAS dead. My question IS, to anyone who may read this message, HOW do I TRY & REASON with a person like James Tomas?

  43. @ 3:59, it confuses me that "God" raised Jesus from the dead WHEN it IS also TAUGHT THAT "Jesus" IS GOD! It IS ALSO written that >The DEAD DO NOT KNOW ANYTHING!! Ecclesiastes 9:5 For the living know that they will die, but the dead know nothing; HE HAD TO KNOW SOMETHING TO RAISE HIMSELF FROM THE DEAD! HOW CAN HE NOT KNOW ANYTHING AND YET RAISE HIMSELF FROM THE DEAD?? IS WHAT IS WRITTEN IN Ecclesiastes 9:5 not true, or only partially true?

  44. All of this is too ambiguous and completely antithetical for the times in Israel 🇮🇱. It’s only a Fable.

  45. These men are no authority on Judaism ✡️ at any time of 4,000 years. We Jews have no part of this as it’s completely antithetical. If it is important, we’d know. All of this information is only a Christian Fable taken from the Greek and Latin not in Hebrew. No

  46. I wish I had a nickle for every time someone asked me for evidence about the resurrection then you discuss the sources and evidence we do have, the person states some hypothesis that has no evidence to support it: Jesus had a twin, didn't really die, was a myth, was discarded in a common tomb, but none of these claims have any evidence or any support from any source accepted by any reputable scholar.

    Even Bart Ehrman had to adjust his view on the crucifixion and resurrection because once you examine the sources we have one must conclude that Jesus lived, was crucified, was buried in a tomb, and that tomb was empty. Any other conclusion is just not based on facts from the surviving historical record.

    But to conclude as much one is obviously confronted with the only logical question to follow which is, how then does one account for the rise of early Christianity from the place where the events actually occurred by those who were alive to see them. It also must take into to account that these matters were spilling over into other parts of the Empire and conversations of state heads must have taken place at some point. One would have to logically assume that Roman officials in Rome were at some point in contact with Jewish officials about why this wasn't being handled and certain obvious suggestions like dead body from the tomb or even crucified corpse at the minimal must have been strongly advised. It's clear Christians were not well liked among either Jews or Romans and their early writings had mentions of elite Jewish and Roman officials yet we see no response to the accusations from anyone.

    I believe it is one reason we see almost no authorship from skeptics regarding the rise of very early Christianity in Jerusalem (33-36AD) because one has to confront difficult questions and they are best left under a rock as to not raise suspicion or questioning to the such even in the modern day.

    It is why great Christian thinkers are often shunned outside their own circles in a society that says they embrace tolerance and acceptance of viewpoints having equal value. Because the last thing a liberal think tank would want to have to confront are the actual facts surrounding the resurrection and having to discuss them with someone of Craig's intellect!

  47. Nonsense! Using the Bible as a credible source to prove Jesus Really Did Rise from the dead is ludicrous!

  48. On these comment sections you say one thing with no facts to back it and everybody cheers you on and yells hallelujah. Yall are like sheep to the shepard moving in a flock under the cock of the bible

  49. I guess there is a difference between an ‘historical’ fact and a true fact, since not once did I hear an actual ‘fact’ referred to. All I heard was that providing you believe in the truth of the New Testament then you have evidence that Jesus was resurrected – hardly shattering news.

  50. Without the Resurrection, Christian doctrine is void. Yet, there are so many contradictions and flaws in the narrative.
    Who went to the tomb?

    Matthew 28:1 2 Marys Mark 16:1 2 Marys & Salome

    Luke 24:10 5 women John 20:1 Mary Magdalene

    Was the tomb open when they arrived?

    Matthew 28:2 No Mark 16:4 Yes Luke 24:2 Yes John 20:1 Yes

    Who was at the tomb when they arrived?

    Matthew 28:2-7 One angel Mark 16:5 A young man

    Luke 24:4 Two men John 20:11-12 Two angels

    Where did Jesus first appeared to the disciples?

    Matthew 28:16-17 Galilee

    John 20:19 & Luke: 24:33-37 Jerusalem

    Did both thieve revile Jesus?

    Mark 15:32, Matthew 27:44 Both thieves reviled Jesus.

    Luke 23:39-42 Only one thief reviled Jesus.

    Where did Jesus tell his disciples to go after his resurrection?

    Matthew 28:10, Mark, 16:7 Go to Galilee.

    Luke 24:49, Acts 1:4 Stay in Jerusalem.

    When Mary returned from the tomb, did she know Jesus had been resurrected?

    Matthew 28:7-8 Yes Mark 16:10-11 Yes

    Luke 24:6-9, 23 Yes John 20:2 No

    How many disciples did Jesus appear to in this post resurrection appearance?

    1Corinthians 15:5 the Twelve? (why 12, Judas was already dead!).

    Mark 16:12-14, Luke 24:33-37 Two disciples in Emmaus, later to eleven.

    Matthew 28:16-17, Luke 24:33-37 Eleven. John 20:19-24 (Judas & Thomas were absent) Ten

    What day and what time was Jesus crucified?

    Mark 14:12 On the day after the Passover meal.

    John 19:14 The day before the Passover meal.

    Mark 15:25 9 AM. Some translations say, the third hour.

    John 19:14-15 Noon. Some translations say, the sixth hour.

    How many days and nights Christ was in the grave?

    Matthew 12:40, Acts 10:40, Luke 18:31-33 three days and three nights.

    Mark 16:2, Matthew 28:1, Luke 24:1, John 20:1 less than two days.

    Were the disciples frightened or glad when they saw Jesus?

    Luke 24:37 frightened John 20:20 glad

    Did Mary Magdalene recognize Jesus when he first appeared to her?

    Matthew 28:9 Yes John 20:14 No

    Did the women tell what happened?

    Mark 16:8 No

    Luke 24:9 & 22-24; John 20:18; Matthew 28:8 Yes

    What were the last words of Jesus?

    Matthew 27:46-50 My God why have you forsaken me?

    Luke 23:46 Father into your hands I commend my spirit.

    John 19:30 It is finished.

  51. I know Jesus did exist. Tell me how you can prove he didn’t? Jesus was so important that people began the rest of time from his birth. It’s been 2019 years from Jesus time.
    Just imagine seeing someone rise from the dead that said he was from God himself. Wouldn’t you believe with all your heart where your spirit and soul would go from there?

  52. Pure,unadulterated nonsense. How did this guy get PhDs ? It’s not even true that Matthew,Mark,Luke And John did not write the four gospels.

  53. This is great up until John commits heresy at the end with the sinners prayer. Belief that Jesus Died on the cross for your sins according to the scriptures and rose on the 3rd day according to the scriptures all that's required for salvation. That prayer is an added work that goes unheard.

  54. funny thing I found that Nimrod died and rose from the dead Horace he died and rose back to life and ishtar Nimrod wife immaculate conceived a child after Nimrod rose from the dead to become Nimrod the Sun God Horace was killed and rose from the dead Ishtar his wife immaculately conceived a child Aramaic is the language the Messiah spoke Yahusha is the true name of the Messiah Hebrew Torah tells about Nimrod Acts chapter 24 verse 5 says that the believers in Messiah were called Nazarene's Messiah said just as jonah was in the belly of the Whale 3 days and 3 night so shall I be 3 days and 3 night when Messiah was crucified there was a Eclipse Pilate rule from26 bc to 37ad so going by the lunar Calendar which the Hebrew used looking for eclipse between those years that can be seen from Jerusalem Friday April 3 at 3 pm even if you count Friday 6pm to 6pm Saturday day 2 Saturday 6pm to 6 pm Sunday is 3 days and 3 night but 6pm Sunday turns to Monday he did not rise from the grave till after 6 pm

  55. Interesting and well done, but the sources were not independent. The bible is not an independent source.

  56. ALSO, THE ONLY INDEPENDENT SOURCE REFERENCED WAS JOSEPHUS, WHICH IS A CONTROVERSIAL OUTSIDE SOURCE. THE BIBLE IS NOT AN INDEPENDENT SOURCE GAHHHHHHHHHHHH

  57. Let’s suppose that Muhammad lived 100 years before Jesus. Suppose Muhammad gathered a large following, and by the time of his death had thousands of followers. Now Jesus comes along with his teachings. Those teachings slowly infiltrated to Mecca. The Muslims decided to overcome the followers of Jesus, but in a very ingenious way. Thousands of Muslims immigrated to Israel, starting in 33 AD and over the next 100 years. Gradually the population of Israel became majority Muslim. As soon as the population tipped 50.1% Muslim they took over, and banned the practice of Christianity, and in fact put a bounty on the head of every Christian. Since there were only a few Christians they would have been wiped out from the beginning.

  58. Don't like John Ankerberg I don't have to have him tell me Jesus rose from the dead I already know he did everything in that the Holy Bible is true, it happened and is going to happen, but you need to read and study Old Testament and New Testament just like it teaches you to, its its own interpreter, you need nothing else, it's our instruction book from Christ the creator to us his creation. God bless all.

  59. If Jesus existed, which is doubtful he would have been eaten by animals and put in a mass grave. Romans had no time for him or other silly Jewish sect religions.

  60. Was not Joseph of Arimathea Jesus' great uncle through Mary? Was not the law that only a kinsman could redeem the body? As in kinsman redeemer. Something else of interest, in the last days, after the killing of the two witnesses, their bodies will be left in the open for public display, lest the bodies disappear like Jesus' body did? Of course we know that their bodies will resurrect in public just prior to the appearance of Christ here on earth.

  61. Bahahaha brainwashing ….no proof whatsoever… Just speculations as always… No proof
    Just faith in something… Not enaugh!!!!

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