Greek Gods Explained In 12 Minutes

The world began with several primordial beings. First came Chaos. Then Gaia, earth. And finally Eros, love. From Gaia they came Uranus, heaven, who both created the Titans. Uranus disliked his children and locked them deep within the earth. Gaia, sick of having her children imprisoned made a great sickle that she gave to her son Cronus. Cronus hid until Uranus came to lie with his mother then leapt out and sliced off his father’s genitals, which fell into the sea. Cronus proceeded to release his fellow Titans from prison, and so, the age of the Titans began. Cronus married the Titan Rhea, who gave birth to most of the major gods. Cronus, scared by a prophecy that his children would take his power, imprisoned them as soon as they were born, swallowing them whole. Rhea pleaded to Gaia for help, who taking pity hid Zeus after he was born on Mount Ida in Crete. When Cronus came to eat his son, Rhea fed him a stone instead, tricking the Titan. Gaia raised Zeus until he was strong enough to take on his father. The two fought and upon defeat Cronus was forced to release Zeus’s siblings, starting the war between the gods and the Titans. The war lasted 12 years until Zeus freed the cyclopes and the Hundred-Handed Giants whom Cronus had imprisoned. The Cyclopes gifted Zeus his famous thunderbolt, Poseidon his trident, and Hades a Hat of Darkness, tipping the balance of battle. The Titans, defeated, were thrown into Tartarus, a prison deep within the underworld. And so started the reign of the gods. Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades decided to share power, drawing lots to decide where they will rule over. Zeus got the sky, Poseidon the seas, and Hades the dead. Zeus, king of the gods, ruled from his throne on Mount Olympus, home of the immortals, often using his symbols of the thunderbolt and eagle to warn or encourage mortals. Zeus was responsible for all weather changes from lightning to snow, depending on his mood. He was also a protector of the home and strangers, meaning being a bad host could land you in deep trouble. Zeus married his sister Hera, who birthed the gods Ares and Hephaestus. Zeus was also infamous for his many affairs with other goddesses from which Athena, Hermes, Apollo, Artemis, and Persephone came. He also engaged in many affairs with mortal women, where he created the god Dionysus and many heroes like Perseus and Hercules, most of whom experienced the wrath of the jealous Hera. Poseidon, one of the most powerful gods ruled the sea, created earthquakes, and was the god of horses, much prized in ancient society. He had a palace on Mount Olympus, but an even more magnificent one under the sea where he spent most of his time. Sailors would have to pray to Poseidon and offer sufficient sacrifice, otherwise risked a painful death at sea. It was very unwise to cross Poseidon as he held a grudge and could deal out very harsh punishments. In the story of Theseus and the Minotaur, King Minos rules over the island Crete. Every year he sacrificed his best bull to Poseidon. One year, he withheld his favorite bull, a huge white animal. Poseidon noticed, but instead of punishing Minos directly he decided to target his wife. He made her fall in love with the bull, which eventually led to the birth of the half-man half-bull creature called the Minotaur. Hades, the oldest of the brothers ruled over the underworld where the spirits of the dead resided. He shared his throne with his wife, Persephone, and the two were considered to be gods of fertility. The underworld had several guardians and trials, making it difficult for the dead and near impossible for the living to enter. The gates they pass the deadly river Styx. The only way to enter was to get passage from the ferryman, Charon. Charon required payment, and this is the reason why Greek burials included placing coins on the eyes of the deceased. If the soul could not afford to enter, then they were fated to wait on the shores of the Styx forever. Past Charon lay Cerberus, the fabled three-headed dog who guards the gates of the underworld. Ultimately, the soul will reach the three judges of the underworld, who decide where it should go. They can choose Elysium, the Fields of Asphodel, or Tartarus. Elysium is akin to heaven, a peaceful place where the souls of heroes, demigods, and especially good mortals reside. The Asphodel Meadows is the place for ordinary folk who did not achieve anything notable in life, good or evil. Tartarus is very similar to Hell and contains not only the Titans, but also criminals who upset the gods who are tortured for eternity. Hera, sister and wife of Zeus, and queen of the Gods, was the protector of marriage and women. She was deeply respected in Greek society. She was one of the most vengeful and spiteful gods, punishing women who lay with her husband and any subsequent children. When Leto was pregnant with Apollo and Artemis, Hera stopped her giving birth. She kept Io, another of Zeus’s mistresses as a heifer and had her guarded by the hundred-eyed monster Argos. A famous tale of her jealous vengeance is the story of Hercules. Hercules was an illegitimate child of Zeus. Hera sent serpents to kill the future hero when he was just a child, but the demigod crushed the creatures with his bare hands. She later drove him to madness, making him kill his wife and children, the event that sent him on his 12 labors. Athena, goddess of wisdom and war, the child of Zeus and Metis, was not born in a conventional way. Zeus received an omen that their children would take the throne from him and so swallowed Metis while she was pregnant. After this, Zeus began to get a terrible headache. He asked a fellow immortal thought to be the fastest to split his head open with an axe. Athena was then born from his forehead, jumping out in full battle gear while letting out a war cry. Athena had an affinity for heroics, coming to the aid of heroes like Perseus and Hercules. Her favorite was Odysseus, who she worked hard to keep safe so he could return to his homeland. Athena was highly revered in Athens, which was named after her. She competed with Poseidon for the city, both of whom attempted to give it the best gift. Poseidon struck the ground with his Trident, making a stream of water rise up. Athena kicked the earth and caused the first olive tree to emerge. The gods deemed Athena victorious, and the city took her name. Athena was also one of the sacred virgin goddesses and so in her honor the temple built on the Acropolis in Athens was named the Parthenon, which comes from Parthenos, meaning “the virgin”. Ares was the bloodthirsty and cruel god of war. Neither God nor mortal particularly liked Ares. The warfare he represents is not honorable nor heroic, but rather the primal rage and bloodshed of the battlefield. Ares had a relationship with the goddess Aphrodite who was married to the god Hephaestus. The two would sleep together whenever her husband was away. When Hephaestus found out, he made an invisible net and hung it over his bed and told his wife he was going away. He hid, and as soon as Ares and Aphrodite got into bed together, they were trapped in the net and unable to move. Hephaestus called upon all the gods, inviting them to see the two naked immortals trapped in the net. Laughter burst out everywhere and it was only due to the intervention of Poseidon that they were released. Aphrodite was the goddess of beauty and love, responsible for sexual attraction in both mortal and immortal alike, often using her powers for her own amusement. Accounts of her birth vary with her either being born from the genitals of Uranus, or as another illegitimate child of Zeus. Aphrodite had a pivotal role in the Trojan War when Prince Paris of Troy was tasked with giving an apple to the fairest goddess. Hera, Athena, or Aphrodite, each promising him something different in return. Paris chose Aphrodite, who promised him the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen. Helen was married to the king of Sparta, Menelaus. Aphrodite put Helen under a spell when Paris came to visit Sparta, making her run away with him. King Menelaus and his brother Agamemnon raised a massive army to go take Helen back from Troy, and so started the Trojan War. Goddess of the hunt and twin sister of Apollo, Artemis was a deadly Archer and an important member of Olympus. She watched over hunters as well as their prey, ensuring the wilderness was kept in check. Artemis is also prized for her virginity and guarded it jealously. The hunter Actaeon once stumbled upon her naked as she was bathing. Artemis proceeded to change the man into a deer and set his fifty hunting dogs upon him, giving him a painful death for his mistake. Twin brother of Artemis, Apollo was a god of many things. He was a god of archery, but also of light and music, seen with a lyre as much as a bow. Apollo is closely linked with prophecy. He was born on Delos and honored the island by setting up an Oracle there. He later traveled to Mount Parnassus and slew the great snake Pytho. He created a temple where he had achieved the feat marking the foundations for where the famous Oracle of Delphi would reside. Hermes, the messenger of God and patron of thieves. Known as a trickster amongst the gods. He often pulled pranks and stole from his fellow divinities. When he came of age, he assumed the role of messenger, taking a golden rod with him as a mark of his authority. He is often seen with a winged helmet and sandals, which he used to fly around and deliver messages. Demeter, the goddess of farming and watcher of the harvest. The one thing she prized more than anything else was her daughter, Persephone. It happened that Hades was also interested in Persephone as he had fallen in love with her. One day, while the girl was picking flowers, he opened up the ground and dragged her down to the underworld. Demeter was distraught when she found out and searched for her daughter for nine days and nights, until the Sun God Helios revealed her captors identity. Demeter locked herself indoors for an entire year, refusing to come out until Persephone was returned. Without the goddess of farming, the world went into famine. In order to save the world, Zeus ordered Hades to release Persephone. Hades had fed the girl the food of the dead, a pomegranate, meaning that she was bound to him. After much discussion, Zeus decided that Hades could have Persephone for three months of the year, and Demeter could have her for the other nine months. This explains why the winter months are cold and the plants die as Demeter waits for her daughter to return. God of smithing, Hephaestus, had a difficult start to life. He was born lame and so his mother Hera decided to throw him off Olympus into the sea to drown. He later returned to the home of the gods and was given Aphrodite as wife by Hera to reconcile with him. He was a great inventor and fashioned many of the palaces on Olympus. He also fashioned the equipment of many heroes such as Achilles who he created armour and a magnificent shield for. God of wine and parties, Dionysus was perhaps the most fun of the Olympians. Frenzied women called maenads and half-goat man called satyrs followed him. He had a huge cult following in Greece, where his followers would participate in mass drinking and the orgies his mythological companions were so well known for. The Greek gods represent humanity at its best and worst, from the violent and destructive Ares to the beautiful and seductive Aphrodite. Greek mythology demonstrates the epic power struggle between parents and children in an endless quest to gain control over the world. Tales passed down from each generation, showing them to be some of the most influential deities in human history that continued to have a significant impact to this day. Thanks for watching, remember to like and subscribe. And for exclusive rewards, check out our Patreon page.

100 Replies to “Greek Gods Explained In 12 Minutes”

  1. Thanks for Watching! Don't forget to Subscribe and click the Bell button so you can be part of the notification squad! Time Stamps:
    Zeus 1:55
    Poseidon 2:43
    Hades 3:36
    Hera 4:44
    Athena 5:43
    Ares 6:57
    Aphrodite 7:44
    Artemis 8:35
    Apollo 9:05
    Hermes 9:32
    Demeter 9:54
    Hephaestus 10:57
    Dionysus 11:24

  2. 2:25 Athena was born from Zeus' first wife Metis and not out of an affair like you said in the video. He married Hera after he swallowed Metis.

  3. with all the material Greek mythology has, I'm surprised there aren't tv series and more stuff about it. Lately it's ben brought up a lot because of web comics like Lore Olympus, but it's such a missed opportunity to spread history and cool stories!

  4. 1:13 Actually Zeus had offered to become a cupbearer for Cronus and had gave him a drink that forced Cronus to vomit up his children (the other gods) that he had eaten. And then the war started

  5. I don't like Hera that's why Athena Acts just like her jealous and mean they both represent peace but don't act like it

  6. This Gods have no characteristics like God they are behaving like humans read the Hindu mythology you will see the difference.

  7. I saw a video from the Discovery channel that told what happened to all the gods, Greek, Norwiegens, Egyptians and the rest.  It said that after Jesus  died on the cross and came back to life and returned to heaven he then made all the lesser gods go into retirement so that people could rule themselves and only focus on a relationship with God and himself.

  8. I love that when a greek god mates with an earth woman it produced giants, just like in Genesis with the Nephilim and as well as the Egyptian gods and even the sumerian creation story. Funny how all these different cultures feature many of the same mythologies.

  9. There is no other God after ADONAI, the one who give His son for the salvation of this world. we need to believe in Jesus for the salvation of our soul

  10. It’s good and all to be interested in mythology which I myself am, but you have experts of this topic who have no idea about what happened in parts of real history. Must we really neglect HISTORY for fantasy? Not you specifically but all. For example, Islam is portrayed as “hating Jews”, but did you know that the Muslim Moors of Spain let the Jews live with them in peace and harmony when the Jews were escaping from the Christians who were attempting to finish the Jews off? Most don’t even know that Spain was known as Andalusia when it was under Islamic rule. You must think I’m getting off topic but listen! Why would these “Jew hating” Muslims let them live with them? Ask yourself. Most of you fall under the lie that Islam is a blood-thirsty religion! Do you have any right to assume that when you have not bothered researching the Quran? Yet you have time to accept a wolf is the son of a humanoid being? Such important topics which could literally change the doctrine of your country, but no, let us be ignorant of this topic because we want to know why a giant wolf is sad. As I said at the beginning, mythology is interesting, but does it have a right over a topic which can decide whether innocent Muslims are looked down upon because you believe something another told you without checking for yourself? I could’ve chose any topic but Islam and immigration are stuff that can shape a new world whether it be bad or good. If you have not understood anything I just said because of your arrogance, I hope that you be put in a minority where 99% of you are looked down upon because of the actions of the 1%! Reflect on what I said.

  11. Now i know why people's nowadays have no power because of mishandled, abuse of power, but if you believe you will see that we have a power and a fighter back then

  12. Well, I grew up in the 1960s and 1970s, and a huge part was watching Hercules and Hercules knockoffs of tv, and reading comics, especially Thor and his frequent team-up with Marvel's Hercules. The movies and comics got me interested in finding out more about the Greek pantheon so very early on I began reading more, Jason, Perseus, Ulysses the heroes and the pantheon themselves. My third favorite god, Thor and Hercules being close 1 and 2 of course, was Apollo. Apollo had a lot going for him, sun god, god of music, god of archery (Robin Hood fan too). During contests the comic books would have to create a character I submitted Golden Girl, aka Apella, Ella to her friends, the daughter of Apollo and last true Olympian. Because Hercules helped raise her Apella grew up with a very human sense of right and wrong. She was very powerful, physically twice as strong as any other Olympian woman, and stronger than all but the big 3 (Zeus, Poseidon, Hades), Hercules, Ares, and her father on the male side. She could fly unaided, and had fire from hands or eyes from as mild as a lit match to the surface temperature of the sun. Hephaestus then gifted her with a magic bow that could fire unlimited fire bolts even more powerful. For her origin I had her often peer at Earth and become outraged by evil. She would petition Zeus to aid humanity, but as long as it human on human Zeus denied her. But after WW2 a new age of heroes and monsters arose. The ordinary people couldn't fight these evils so Zeus finally relents. I know, no one cares, and other than some fanfiction she never went anywhere. Guess Greek mythology warped me. Of course it's as popular today as it ever was. And why not? 🙂

  13. Sure nice to see many killing my country to dumbass to know America if Americans Brits taken over long ago like you idoits in America font know what protected your own country you will know you screwed yourself soon


  15. this is not 'greek' gods or mythology. this is ancient Pelasgian mythology and gods that modern greeks try to usurp with academic corruptions

  16. See also

  17. One thing i dont understand is why are all these gods always portraited naked or half naked?

    Was it a particular style of sculpting or painting from a particular artist or just a thing of the "times"?

  18. I don't like to read about the "happenings" between gods.

    After all they were "human" too.

    As above so below.

    If you love the gods then put them to their naturally designed purpose and that is to serve the Earth.

    Pray to them and help the planet and yourself.

    Do not concern yourself with their day to day lives.

  19. My most favorite gods are Zeus,Hades,Apollo 🙂

    I often find myself i need their services the most 🙂

    I hope i will grow to love the other gods as well 🙂

    They deserve it 🙂

  20. If you want people to start out believing your videos , you might want to portray the correct images of the characters.

    They were BLACK

  21. Do you beleave in reincarnation in the greek codex bible of new testament it sayes odin will be born in the flesh what if I told you I am odin borne in the flesh

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