How Is Music Stored On Vinyl Records?


Music means a lot to us, By just putting a
record on it helps us process emotions, escape reality, or just get really pumped up about
something. But how did that sound get on a piece of vinyl in the first place? And how
does it make music to our ears. Hey Audiophiles Julia here for DNews I know it seems like a simple thing, but how
do we record sounds on to vinyl?. How does this vibration produced in our throats get
carried through the air, and capture on disc? Well it wasn’t easy. for centuries there
were attempts to transcribe sound on to paper. Back in the mid-19th century, scientists were
studying how sound waves move through the air and vibrate. Inspired by studies of the
inner ear, French scientist Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville, tried to recreate the
ear drum with a thin membrane. Attaching this membrane to a stylus or etching pen, he could
trace the vibrations that hit that membrane onto a piece of paper or glass. But it took
at least 20 years for anyone to realize that hey… these 2d lines on a paper, if turned
into 3d grooves in something, could be played back! The earliest attempts at recording the human
voice go back to the 1870s. And like most inventions of that era, was developed at Thomas
Edison’s labs. Once we had sound waves figured out, there had to be a way to mark them down
somehow and re-play them later. Edison’s labs came up with a cylinder covered in tin
foil with a needle attached to a thin membrane called a diaphragm. As sound waves hit the
diaphragm they jiggled the needle which etched the vibrations and movements into the cylinder. But he wasn’t the only one working on it.
Emile Berliner developed a similar system, but his had hand crank that turned not a cylinder
but a flat disc cutting 3-dimensional grooves of sound waves directly into it. The needle
or stylus would “read” the grooves, producing a sound that was amplified by a horn or cone.
And thus the gramophone was invented in 1887. And that’s still how analog sound is played
today. Records work on a similar principle, only instead of recording it fresh each time,
it’s recorded to a master disc and then pressed into vinyl Today’s record players have the
stylus, usually made from diamond or sapphire, attached to a tone arm, that’s the thing
you pick up and move to put on a record. Tone arms can be straight or curved, and there’s
some debate as to which is better. And the sound isn’t amplified mechanically, they
are carried through the tone arm to a cartridge containing coils in a magnetic field. These
coils take the vibrations and amplify them electronically through speakers. But on a warmer note, many record fans say
they sound just that. They believe records sound better and warmer than other forms of
recording because of its fidelity. But that’s an arguable case. But maybe the rise of record
players lately is simply because many vinyl-philes say they have an emotional connection to records.
Some say it’s a nostalgia factor, others like that records are so tangible, they’re
something you can really see and feel. Maybe it’s the appeal of the ritual, the taking
off of the jacket, placing the record on the table and finally get the stylus, literally
in the groove. So while some might get a little down on digital,
it can be awesome, I mean modern scientists have even found a way to listen to those Scott
de Martinville’s recordings using a virtual stylus. Seriously. it’s creepy. give it
a listen, there’s a link in the description.

100 Replies to “How Is Music Stored On Vinyl Records?”

  1. Spoke fast and long but told nothing. Nothing to learn here except, if you were born yesterday, what a gramophon looks like.

  2. After watching this video I am still clueless as balls and can only assume that this is the work of THE DEVIL!

  3. I can't understand a shit what she's trying to say but I guess I got the point. She's talking like a damm machinegun I can't correctly hear the words xd

  4. I collect vinyls (mainly buy albums I love and historically significate ones from my teens and college days), but I tend to listen to digital music. I like newer music digitally, and it could be because my record player isn't a great one. The argument that vinyl sounds better is of ones taste, but my friend worked for a local high-end audio/video store and had me listen to a Tool album "Aenima" from 1996 a few years ago. It was a regular CD. It sounded absolutely like I'd never heard it before. I don't know the brands of equipment (I'm sure McIntosh was the $5,000 receiver), but the tower speakers were $15,000 for the pair, so it probably depends on your equipment. If you can't afford equipment that is high priced and you want to make your music sound good. Do drugs.

  5. Hey guys! I made a documentary style short film last year about record collectors called "Gathering Grooves"! It was my major work for university last year, it's on my channel!

  6. Good stuff! I made a short documentary last year about record collectors, it's called "Gathering Grooves". It's on my channel please check it out!

  7. You still did not explain how its actually captured on vinyl you just explained what was invented and people who prefer it you didn't explain anything

  8. The mastering on a lot of Vinyls is significantly better than their CD counterpart, especially when looking at the Loudness War-impacted records.

  9. It's insane how people come up with things like this. If it was just me and my friends on the planet the best technology we would have would be a sharp stick. Watching these types of videos makes me realize how I will live and die and it won't matter cause I've contributed nothing that will help or be remembered after my death.

  10. Digital’s better in my opinion. The audio quality is higher and you don’t have to worry about flipping the disk once the needle reaches the center.

    I still like vinyl though. It’s retro and I think that records and record players in general are pretty cool

  11. I say records do sound better than digital,when I hear the comparison to a song on a record and to one on my phone,the record gives of a more warm feeling almost like that’s the song in its most purest state that’s what I think.you can also hear the difference

  12. Very informative and concise, thank you. I thought the presenter spoke too quickly but turned down to 3/4 speed she was perfect.

  13. My question is how does it recognize whether it is a piano or a violin or guitar that is playing the chord. Because on the vinyl the A chord is simply that; an A chord. How does it "know" whether to play the A Chord as a Piano,violin or any instrument

  14. But they actually sound better…… There is no debate a good record is way better than a digital copy! Well atleast in my opinion…

  15. She's a moron… Records have a richer and deeper sound. Digital sounds very antiseptic, even though clarify is amazing.

  16. Yes i love vinyls and yes it has a warm feeling to it unlike a plastic cd. Some say vinyls have surface noise I say life has surfaced noise

  17. Vinyl is the best I have stop buy cds I only buy vinyl now cd s are a more cheaper make and the break very easily and the don't have the same sound I have vinyl lps that belong to my parents there over 40 years old and they still play as good today there's not like the sound of the crackle of vinyl

  18. Digital music sucks. I literally (and I mean literally in the literal sense, not in the Kardashian sense) stopped listening to music for over ten years because I was so sick of all this digital crap. I have only recently got back into music and only buy vinyl records.

  19. The thing I still don't get is like…does the needle spin like a spiral from the edge of the disk to the middle? Like if it was/is physically etched into the record, how do you solve the problem of "how much room" you have? Did this mean you could only have records a certain length before you ran out of room on the physical record? TELL ME MORE. I NEED MORE! I also need another beer hehe :*

  20. My opinion on the subject is that it all starts with the material been recorded; if you listen carefully to the composition, lyrics, music arrangement, the performance and many other aspects of the music from the vinyl gold era, it all starts with great songs, performed by great artists; maybe more of the music recorded to CD from the 2000´s and so on is not as good as the one produced in the 60´s, 70´s and 80´s… for a good example listen to Chicago´s Abba´s Begee´s The Beatles´ Michael Jackson´s Led Zeppelin´s Queen´s Pink Floyd´s records and a host of other artist like them… that was a so different kind of music from the majority of what its been written and produced now, now add "PLUS" the analog distortion and character and great dynamic range of the Vinyl records, maybe this is the answer to the question "Why do people prefer Vinyl vs CD´s"… I wouldn´t like to listen to so many music from today in vinyl, why? because of the lack of music composition, arrangement and production elements that are so important, and many people seem no to care about….

  21. You did not explain anything about how its stored.. Please rename this video to "How records work…. kinda"

  22. I can’t even get my mom to close my door in my room when she leaves, how the hell were people able to put sound waves on a disc wtf

  23. Hmm, you still didn't explain it. Can you answer how the voice of a man and woman be distinguished by the grooves?

  24. I write record and mix my own music, and have done so for years. When I started listening to vinyl again, what technically stood out for me was that I could hear the mid-range better. Specifically notes that were audible to me in mixes I'd long since gotten used to on CD. The first time I really heard it was Tool's Lateralus album. A fantastic piece of recording engineering to start with, it just POPPED out of that vinyl.

    Old records that I had stopped listening to on CD came back to life. They were badly mastered and the CD's ability to push out so much bass I think caused engineers to go crazy for awhile. Bass eats every other frequency in the mix so too much of it just crushes the energy of the mids (which are right next to it).

    That's why they sound warmer, coming back. Recorded bass should probably always be shelved off at 40hz, because below that you are only feeling notes you aren't hearing them.

    I say this as a bass player with a lifetime's frustration of mixing basses. It really is the case that you gotta take that super low frequency out or you won't hear any bass. Or any mid.

  25. REALLY? Some need to explain the sound of vinyl record, I think it s a joke or just for kids…very young kids

  26. why should i listen to vinyl music which is rare,where as i can listen to any song on youtube tharts stupid,records where the best technology back then ltes move on

  27. I still don't have a clue how it actually reads little grooves and transfers that into sound through speakers. Mind boggling really

  28. This chick needs two things: Explain what she supposed to explain and eat more..!
    But music in records are stored this way
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GuCdsyCWmt8&t=1s

  29. Why didn't you explain how music get stored on records?
    Why did you babble on about other useless shit we didn't want to know about?

  30. The close-up scenes on this video is enough to state that ye don't need to squirm ye arms too much, its annoying.

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