See What’s Inside This ANTIQUE SOVIET ATLAS (WW2) | Old Maps


all right hi there I have just bought
this atlas this old Soviet atlas I bet you don’t have this kind of stuff so let
me guide you through it and show you what we got here it was published in
1940 it was the Stalin’s time the world war two had already began but the Soviet
Union was not involved in it yet here’s the physical map of the world well a
little has changed you see all the continents oceans but yeah the
Antarctica’s coastline was not that known back then but we’ll get to it
later and this is where the sheet gets complicated this atlas was published in
quite a transitional time in history it was the peak of the colonialism and the
political map changed very fast so yeah we’re going to see a lot of interesting
details you recognize most of the countries but there are a lot of nuances
we’re gonna get through we’ll see what has changed and this is what was in 1940
the time zones well let’s keep the boring stuff
Leningrad which is how st. Petersburg was called back then on the honor of
Lenin of course and here’s the first specific map the northwest part of
Russia and Soviet Union this Novaya Zemlya
archipelago it was going to experience the most powerful human-made explosion
in just a decade the Tsar bomba testing and here are the lands near the Volga
River called Povolgie this area is the German autonomous Republic actually my
ancestors were from there my grandmother this autonomous region was formed for
the old German settlers that came here in 18th century and when the Nazi
Germany attacked Soviet Union all these people were evacuated to Kazakhstan like
a thousand miles to the east the Soviet government feared that these people
would collaborate with the Germans it was pretty dark
time so here let’s move on and here’s the Far East of Russia and USSR notice
that Sakhalin was harf Japanese half Russian this island used to have a
massive population of the Ainu people a peculiar ethnic group which are actually
closer to the australian indigenous people than to japanese and here’s my
motherland Ukraine Ukrainian socialist soviet republic back then and this part
is West Ukraine which had just rejoined the main part of the Ukrainian ethnic
area the year before in 1939 which was a condition of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact
concluded by USSR and Nazi Germany which was basically a partition of Poland and
the sphere of influence in East Europe so the West Ukraine went to Ukrainian
Republic as well as the West Belarus went to Belarus and also the Baltic
republics were forced to join USSR and this is a new-born Republic or the
Soviet Union Karel-Finnish Republic it was formed the very year this atlas was
published as the result of the Finnish Soviet War it served as some kind of a
buffer between Russia and Finland it was an artificial entity to an extent
and it ceased to exist in 15 years when the Soviet Finnish relationship got
warmer so for this brief period of time the Soviet Union consisted of not 15 but
16 republics did you know that this is the central asia all the countries are
republics of USSR and here’s the region where all the people the Germans
from Povolgie were relocated this is where my grandmother her parents lived
and my mother was born I have been to Kazahkstan like 10 or 12 times 3 full
days on the train finally Europe you see the Great Britain the map
of London Paris the fascist Italy they used to be slightly bigger but these
areas went to Yugoslavia after the world war two
and here’s the Nazi Germany as of 1940 that had eaten Poland Czechia and
Austria actually these annexed territories are
cold in this Atlas the area of national interest of Germany yeah it was going to
expand a little bit soon and we move on to Asia
here’s China and Taiwan Formosa back then which was part of Japanese Empire
the whole Korean Peninsula was under Japanese control this was the wartime
and you see the Manchuria region was formally Chinese but you see that
it’s outlined brown which means that it’s annexed by the Japanese Empire and
this is the Mongolian People’s Republic which is oftentimes considered another
Republic of the USSR but it was never part of the Soviet Union
here’s another small independent country Tuvan People’s Republic which actually
joined the Soviet Union in just a year or two and here is Indonesia Indo-Chinese Malai peninsulas still almost completely colonized by respectively
Netherlands France yeah and here’s the British India such a massive colony and
it’s still pretty unbelievable to me that the entire subcontinent and beyond with such
a massive population was controlled by such a small country but you know that
India got independence in seven years and here’s the African continent almost
entirely colonized only three independent countries Liberia Ethiopia Egypt the rest was colonized by the France Britain Spain Portugal and
also Italy Australia still part of the British Empire and he is New Zealand we
don’t forget you we know you there the North America both
Iceland and Greenland were Danish Alaska Hawaii were not the states of the US yet
and you see that Newfoundland was separate from
Canada it was another entity of the British Empire the Central America mostly
independent but still some colonies remained here’s the USA nothing has
changed on the mainland of the USA so we move on the cities you sure know finally
the South America the map looks almost the same as the modern map but there are
three major differences you see that Guyana was a kind of three part colony
one British one Dutch and one French now it’s only the French Guiana the second
difference is the border of Ecuador and Peru this disputed area is basically
jungle but Ecuador needed to get to the Amazon River and thus to Atlantic but
Peru said nope we won’t give it to you and the dispute has been solved only
recently and the third difference is here Bolivia and Paraguay border this
area is called Chaco and it was believed to have massive deposits of oil but
actually none was discovered until like ten years ago but still it sparked a
conflict between these two countries you see here it’s a dotted straight line
which means that the border was not defined but it actually had been defined
at that moment but it looks like the Soviet mappers didn’t know about it
there was no internet back then to have these instant news and updates let’s
have a quick look at Antarctica before we end Antarctica was not so explored
yet most of the coastline was dotted and it also lacks a few big pieces of land
specifically the Berkner island which is the largest island of antarctica it was
discovered only 1957 I guess it was actually the last major piece of land
discovered by humans so yeah that’s it if you want more old Soviet maps let me
know it was Geohead see you in next videos bye

33 Replies to “See What’s Inside This ANTIQUE SOVIET ATLAS (WW2) | Old Maps”

  1. If you want, next time I'll review "The Officer's Atlas", published in 1947, that is right after the WW2 ended. And yeah, welcome to my geography channel, friends! 😉

  2. Anything Soviet Era I find so cool. I have a stop watch that says "Made in USSR" but I can't tell if it's from the 80s or before that. It has the manual (what I think is the manual) but it's all in Russian. Do you know how I could go about finding out what year it's from?

  3. Did Soviet Union use the same language or you just can read Russian? Anyway good video though. PS. 1:21 Lennon?

  4. Atlas's are some of my favorite things, it's so interesting to watch how maps, boundaries, and physical history changed through the years.

    Great video Andriy!

  5. Не планируешь добавлять аннотации на русском?

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