Subversives – Episode 3. Documentary Film. Historical Reenactment. StarMedia. English Subtitles


BMW motorcycle. 3
soldiers, 1 machine gun. Mercedes automobile.
1 driver, 2 officers. Opel-Blitz automobile.
1 driver, 14 soldiers. September of 1941. Belarus. Halt! Finally, I can take a leave. Where are you going? Excuse me, Colonel,
sir, I’ll be right back. What do I make of this? He’s gone behind the trees, as always. Yeah, he isn’t doing too well. There he is again. Do you want a newspaper? We’re losing time. Come on, Thomas, go help him. …and then Lisa, the blond, walks in. Come on, hurry up. Thank you very much, Colonel, sir. Start it up, come on. Finally, we can drive. That’s it, go. Forward. “To Chief of Gestapo in Minsk. “I inform you that
Wilhelm Richard Paul Kube “is assigned as the
Generalkommisar of Belarus. “The Minister of Occupied
Eastern territories, “Reichsleiter Alfred Rosenberg, “September 1st, 1941.” Since the first days
of occupation of Belarus guerrilla regiments were
active on its territory. Most of them were
composed of the members of NKVD and the Main Intelligence
Directorate of the Red Army. With time, these units expanded
until they had thousands of soldiers. But the guerrilla warfare was started by small groups of
professionally trained… Subversives. Subversives. Episode three:
To Kill a Gauleiter. May of 1943. Main Intelligence
Directorate. Moscow. The forecasts say it’s going to rain. And you, Major, have
to fly out tomorrow. Fyodor Fedotovich Kuznetsov. Lieutenant General. Chief of Main Intelligence Directorate of
the General Staff since 1943. Deputy Chief of the General
Staff of The Red Army. After the war he continued to be head of the Red Army Military Intelligence. Have a seat. As I’ve said, a guerrilla
unit named “Dimas” is active in Minsk Oblast. It is subordinate to the
Intelligence Directorate. Your objective is to take charge
of covert intelligence work. Nikolai Petrovich Fyodorov. Major. Hero of the Soviet Union. Codename “Bell”. Graduated from the
Leningrad Artillery School and from Frunze Military Academy. Took part in the Battle of Moscow. Was in charge of reconnaissance
operations behind enemy lines. Since 1943 he was
second-in-command of the “Uncle Dimas”
Reconnaissance and Sabotage Unit that was active in the Minsk Oblast. To the airfield. Your primary objective
is to terminate Kube. Wilhelm Kube. Joined NSDAP in 1927. In 1933 he married
a 22-year-old actress Anita Lindenkohl. He
was Gauleiter of Kurmark and Oberpr?sident of Brandenburg and the neighboring Mark
of Pozen, West Prussia. In 1936, due to a ruling of the
Party Supreme Courty of NSDAP, Kube was relieved of all
posts due to allegations of corruption and misuse of authority. Despite this, he remained
a Reichstag deputy. On July 17, 1941, he was made
Generalkommissar of Belarus, with a headquarters in Minsk. Kube brought a new order to
Belarus with an iron fist. 1943, Minsk. I want the mere sound of my name to terrify the Russian
and the Belorussian. I want their brains to
freeze when they hear the name Wilhelm Kube. I ask you, the loyal servants of the great F?hrer, to help me with this. Yes, sir. In the three years of occupation
the population of Minsk went from 300 000 people to 50 000. Kube ordered the construction of the Trostenets concentration
camp, the fourth largest death camp after Auschwitz,
Majdanek and Treblinka. From 1941 to 1944, the Nazis
killed over 206 000 people here. Our people have been hunting
for Kube for two years now. But he’s been able to slip
away every time so far. The hunt for Wilhelm
Kube began immediately after he was made
Generalkommissar of Belarus. March of 1942. The Minsk underground fighters
received an order to poison Kube. One of the members of the underground, Grigori Glukhov was supposed
to hand the poison to a dishwasher who worked at the
Generalkommissariat kitchen. The plan was abandoned
at the last second, since locals who work
and eat at the same place could die. July of 1942. The guerrilla group led by Maria Osipova planned to orchestrate a car crash: to ram Kube’s car with a truck. But this plan, too,
was abandoned because of how hard it was to execute. This plan is no good. Too difficult. Maria Borisovna Osipova. Hero of the Soviet Union. Codename “The Black Woman”. Until May of 1941 she was a member of the Supreme Court of the
Belorussian Soviet Republic. Just before the war
she was an assistant at a law school. In occupied Minsk, she was in charge of an underground organization
that had connections to the Minsk underground city committee, the “Dimas” unit, the
“Locals” NKVD unit, and Nikitin’s, Zheleznyak’s,
and Rokosovski’s units. August 30th, 1942. In a town called Smolewicze
60 km away from Minsk, the German authorities
decided to celebrate Dozhinki. Kube was supposed to visit the event. Commander of the “Uncle
Kolyas” special unit Pyotr Lopatin ordered the
local council building mined. Kube never went to the celebration. The explosion had to be called off. The operation was led
by a guerrilla fighter named Nadezhda Troyan. Nadezhda Viktorovna Troyan.
Hero of the Soviet Union. Born in 1921 in the
city of Drissa in Belarus into a public servant’s family. Since July of 1942 acted
as the radio operator, reconnaissance agent, and
nurse of the units called “The Stalin Five”, “Storm”, and
“Uncle Kolyas” in Minsk Oblast. Took part in blowing up
bridges, attacking enemy convoys, has been in battle numerous times. February of 1943. Minsk. Excerpt from the Soviet
Intelligence files. “The Generalkommissariat
is located at Svoboda Sq., “in a three-story building.
At the entrance of the building “there are two soldiers in
SS uniforms who check papers. “On the third floor, in the left
wing, Kube lives with his staff. “At the entrance to the third
floor papers are checked again. “Behind the door is a corridor
that ends with a window. “The doors of the rooms
are arranged symmetrically. “There are seven rooms on
the right and six on the left. “The third and fourth rooms on
the left are Kube’s offices.” This is a Soviet spy! Special Unit member Nikolai
Bobrovskiy, or “Lion”, managed to infiltrate the
Generalkommissariat building. His intention to kill
Kube became apparent. In the following
shootout he was injured, but he managed to escape to the woods. He turned to the right! Shoot him when you find him! With Kube’s blessing, German
punitive detachments and police terrorize people all over Belarus. On March 22nd, 1943, 6km
from the Hatyn’ village, guerrillas set up an ambush
and destroyed the command car that belonged to
Stutzmannschaft Bataillon 118. On the same day a punitive
detachment arrived in Hatyn’. The entire population of the
village was rounded up in a barn. Those trying to escape
were shot on sight. When everyone was in the barn,
the soldiers barred the doors, put straw around the barn,
doused it with gasoline and lit it on fire. The wooden barn caught on fire quickly. Because of the impact of dozens
of human bodies the walls fell, but those who managed
to escape the flames were mowed down with a machinegun. 149 villagers died in the fire, among them were 75 children under 16. The village itself was
burned to the ground. In May of 1943, several people arrived to the location of the
“Dimas” guerrilla regiment. Major Nikolai Petrovich Fyodorov, his aide Sergei Ivanovich Khrenov, a military translator, an expert German papers forger
Timofey Vasilyevich Zverkov, and a radio operator,
Nadezhda Vasilyevna Noskova. Minsk, June of 1943. Officers’ mess. Please. Wilhelm, I like that girl. Let’s take her home as a maid. Anita, we already
have a lot of servants. Yes, but you know that I
don’t speak any Russian, and this girl speaks German decently. We could go to the market
with her, talk about clothes. I don’t even have
anyone to talk to here! All right. Fraulein, come to our house tomorrow. You’ll be working for us. I’ll arrange something
about translating. You’ll be living in our mansion. I can’t. I have a sister.
I can’t leave her alone. Honey, please! Okay, we’ll think of something. Elena Grigoryevna Mazanik,
Hero of the Soviet Union. Codename “Galya”. In 1931
she worked as a waitress at the mess of the Sovnarkom of
the Soviet Republic of Belarus. From 1939 through 1941, she
was a waitress at the mess of the Central Committee of the
Communist Party of Belarus. In occupied Minsk she
worked as a cleaning lady at a German military installation, then as a waitress at a communal kitchen and at a casino for German officers. In early June of 1943 she got
a job at a three-story mansion at 27, Teatralnaya St., where
Generalkommissar Wilhelm Kube lived with his family. Who’s hunting for Kube
besides the “Dimas” regiment? Who isn’t hunting for Kube? Basically, the entire
underground resistance and over a dozen of special groups. Also our Main Intelligence
Directorate and the NKVD. David Ilyich Keimach, Commander
of the “Dimas” regiment. The regiment, led by
Major Vasily Sherbina, was sent behind the enemy
lines in March of 1942. The group was active in
Belarus, in the vicinity of cities like Lida, Molodechno,
Minsk, Lepel, Polotsk. After Sherbina’s demise, his
second-in-command David Keimach was promoted to Commander. There’s a lot of units… “The commanders have some sort
of a competition going on;” who gets Kube first – the
Intelligence Directorate or NKVD. June 22nd, 1943. 6:30 PM. Minsk Drama Theater. Excerpt from the Soviet
intelligence files: “When visiting the
theater, Kube usually sits “in the former government box. “His seat is usually the
last one to the far right. “Half an hour before Kube’s arrival, “SD specialists enter the theater “and inspect the box and
the space under its floor, “and then take the adjacent seats in
the boxes and on the main floor.” The explosion caused the
deaths of 70 and wounds of 110 German soldiers and officers. But Kube was unharmed. He left the hall literally a
minute before the explosion. September 6th, 1943.
Minsk. Officers’ mess. In the night before September
6th, guerrilla soldiers wired the officers’ mess
and casino to explode. The exact casualties are unknown. German papers wrote about 16
dead and 32 wounded SS soldiers. But Kube, once again,
was not among them. Sometimes we get in each others’ way. A lot of noise, a lot of casualties. Both on our side and on the Germans’. And still no results. Germans take revenge for
everyone who was killed. From February to March of 1943, in the triangle formed by Sebezh,
Osveya, and Polotsk in Belarus, and also in Pskov Oblast, the German Command began
Operation Winterzauber, “Winter Magic”, to
destroy the guerrillas. As a result, 3500 people were killed and
burned alive in Belarus alone. 2000 were sent to Germany for labor, over 1000 children were sent
to the Salaspils death camp. Thousands of people
died in Pskov Oblast. Out of 9200 towns and cities that the Nazis burned
and ruined in Belarus, 5295 were destroyed along
with their populations or at least a part of them. The punitive forces suffered
almost zero casualties, since there weren’t any combat
operations against guerrillas, and they mostly targeted civilians. We can’t act blindly. We don’t have any information
about Kube’s movements. If we act like this,
we’ll never get Kube, nor will the underground
or the other units. Historical reference. The largest platoons
operating around Minsk were: “NKVD Special Unit “Yuri”
(led by Emmanuil Solomonovich Kutsyn);” NKVD Special Unit “Uncle Kolyas” “(Led by State Security Captain
Pyotr Grigorievich Lopatin);” “NKVD Special Unit “Artur” (led
by Ivan Fydorovich Zolotar’);” NKVD Special Unit “Locals” (led by Stanislav
Alekseyevich Vaupshasov). September 14th, 1943. David Keimach left for
Moscow for a debriefing. Nikolai Fyodorov was left
in command in his absence. But the plane never did
reach its destination. Comrade Commander, an
urgent message for you. “Center to “Bell”. “Due to the demise of “Dimas” commander, “I order you to take
command of the unit. “Resume activity on the railroads. “Incapacitate the Minsk railroad
depot and Minsk power plant.” “Bell” to Center. “On the Vilno-Molodechno
railroad, around Smorgon’, “an enemy echelon was derailed. “The engine and 4 ammo
cars are out of commission. “The delay of the trains in
the area amounted to 17 hours.” Yes. Yes, sir, my Fuhrer. I assure you, no one
will escape justice. Yes, sir. The hunt for Kube went on. After analyzing the unsuccessful
assassination attempts, Nikolai Fyodorov reached a conclusion. We need to get in touch with
the people closest to Kube and recruit an agent among his servants. Getting in contact with
people working at Kube’s house could not be done. They all lived in the
Generalkommissar’s mansion and couldn’t leave
it without permission. The only maid who lived in
the city was Elena Mazanik, so she was the one who got chosen. Elena, I want to give you a present. Thank you, Frau Anita.
You’re very generous to me. You’re welcome. Agents from other units had
tried to contact Elena before. The first one to try was
Agent Nikolai Khokhlov of the “Yuri” NKVD group. But the first time he met her
he threatened her with a gun, demanding that she agree to participate in the assassination of Kube. Khokhlov’s rude demeanor
was the reason Mazanik refused to work with his unit. Soon, Agent Nadezhda
Troyan of the “Artur” Unit approached Mazanik, and
she agreed to cooperate. But she refused to take
the poison meant for Kube. After a terrorist attack in the SD mess, poisoning his food
became almost impossible. Come September, Maria
Osipova came to Mazanik. To make sure she isn’t dealing
with Gestapo provocateurs, Mazanik demanded to meet Fyodorov. Halt! Who’s there? Osipova. Come on. Osipova took Elena’s
sister Valentina Shutskaya to a village called Yanushkovichi
in the Logayskiy region. Excuse me. Here she is. Hello. Please. Hello. Have a seat. Tea? No, thank you. You wanted to see me? You have to understand that my
sister is taking too big a risk. The commander promised
to take her sister and Valentina’s children
behind the front lines. He proposed they take
out Kube by poisoning him, but when it became known that
Elena rarely visits the kitchen, they decided to wire
Kube’s bed to explode. For the assassination they planned
to use a British CLAM Mk III magnetic mine with a
mechanical detonator. The delay of the explosion after
priming the mine is 24 hours. September 20th, 1943. So I tell her: “You
want me to marry you?” And what’d she say? “Fix up my roof first, then we’ll see.” Stop right there! What do
you have in those baskets? Eggs, chicken, some berries. What’s under the berries? What could be under there? Throw the berries out. Who’s going to buy them if I do? I have five children. How am
I supposed to make a living? Okay, get out of here. Wait! Give us the eggs and the chicken. Give them! Go on, get out. Let’s see. Nice eggs. September 21st, 1943. 12:15 AM. This is the pin. Remember, the mine will blow
up 24 hours after priming. You’ll wait for her here, in the alley. We’ll provide cover five
klicks outside the city. At ease! And remember: if SD shows
up, leave immediately. September 21st, 1943. Minsk. 8:00 AM. Good morning, Frau Elena. Good morning. You’re looking good. Elena carried the mine
around until 11 o’clock. At 9 AM Kube, his wife
and his children woke up. Excuse me. What’s wrong, Elena? You
don’t look like yourself. I’ve been having a
toothache for two days now. Haven’t slept all night. I’ll arrange for someone
to take you to the doctor. Thank you. 10:00 AM, Minsk. Wilhelm Kube’s mansion. Kube and his aide
Wildenstein left for work. Kube’s two oldest sons went to school. Gauleiter’s wife with the youngest
son Willi went grocery shopping. 11:00 AM Why are you so clumsy? Herr Generalkommissar
let me go to the doctor. I’ll be back soon. I’ll be waiting. Minsk. 11:15 AM. Hello. Minsk. 11:45 AM. Come here, honey. Sit down. Come, now, don’t cry. Minsk. 12:15 PM. Yes. Yes, my friend, we’ll
meet by the main exit. Yes. 12:45 PM Papers, please. Khrenov, take a machine
gun and go to the turn! Yes, sir! Scatter around! Yes, sir! Come on, boys! Minsk. 1:10 PM. Your papers. Everything’s in order, let them through. Cancel ambush! Cancel ambush! Minsk. 4:00 PM. You’re free for the day. I’m expecting you tomorrow at 9. Yes, Herr Kommissar. Let’s go. 7:50 PM. Yanushkovichi village. Come here. Let me help. And the suitcase? Thank you. Let’s go, baby. September 22nd, 1943. Minsk. 12:05 AM. Thank you. 12:07 AM Maria, let’s not have dinner.
I’m too tired. Thank you. September 22nd, 1943. 12:20 AM. That’s it. We’re there. Hello, girls. Hello. How was the trip? Good. All right. Petrenko! Yes? Show them the location. Yes, sir! Let’s go, girls. On September 22nd, at 12:40 AM, there was an explosion
in Wilhelm Kube’s bedroom. Alarm! Wake the battalion on duty! All patrols to Generalkommissar’s house! Hurry up! Excerpt from a Minsk Gestapo report. “The explosion tore the left
side of Generalkommisar’s chest “and severed his left arm.
Due to the wounds, shock, “and blood loss he sustained, he
died during the next few minutes. “His half-charred body was
taken out of the burning bedroom “by the crew on duty. On the bed next to the deceased “lay his wife Anita Kube,
who was 8 months pregnant. “She was unscathed and
only suffered from a shock. “The three young children were unharmed. “The impact of the explosion destroyed
the bedroom’s interior almost completely. “Also, one of the bedroom’s
small windows was torn off.” A radiogram from September 26th, 1943. “Center to “Bell”. “Make an immediate and detailed report “on who exactly carried out
the assassination of Kube. “Were the girls you mention your agents “or do they belong to
a different handler? “If they are yours, where,
when and who recruited them? “How did they get to
you after the operation? “It is your personal
responsibility to guard them “and treat them with care and attention. “All agents involved in the assassination
of Kube will be escorted out. Awaiting your report. Center.” Comrade Commander, you have a radiogram. “Center to “Bell”. “Addendum. If anyone
from other Soviet services “comes for the girls,
send a flash stating “who came and who they were sent by. “Hand over the girls only after
you’ve established the identity “of the representatives. Confirm
that you got the instructions. “Center.” In the Center, not only Chief
of Intelligence Directorate Lieutenant General Kuznetsov
was interested in the information about the assassination of Kube. There were a lot of questions in Moscow. Since various units
had contacted Mazanik, some commanders claimed
they were involved in the operation. But Center only wanted to
know who exactly killed Kube. The tension between the
Intelligence Directorate and NKVD reached its apex. The situation in Minsk
was extremely tense. A wave of arrests went around the city. Many underground
fighters who were somehow involved in the Kube assassination
found themselves in Gestapo’s hands. The Germans executed over 300 people. Radiogram from October 4th, 1943. “Center to “Bell”. “I order you to
personally lead the group “that is being sent out
and take it to the Center. “Leave someone suitable in
command for the time being.” Orderly! Comrade Commander, you called me? Bring the
second-in-command to me. Yes, sir. October 10th. “Center to “Bell”. “The car will arive on October 11th. “You will only have 20
minutes to board the plane. “Be prepared.” October 13th. “Bell” to Center. “On October 12th, at 10 PM, “Bell”, “The Black Woman”, “Galya”, “Shutskaya and her children,
and five people from “Artur” “left for Center by plane.” There was finally a report made in the Intelligence Directorate
of The Red Army General Staff. “Report regarding the question
of the assassination of “Hitler’s Generalkomissar
of Belarus Kube. “Orchestrators and
agents of the operation: “the assassination of
Kube was organized by “the Commander of Sabotage
and Reconnaissance group “of the 2nd Division of the Red
Army Intelligence Directorate “Nikolai Petrovich
Fyodorov, codename “Bell”. “The main mediator and orchestrator
of the Kube assassination “was Maria Borisovna Osipova,
codename “The Black Woman”, “Bell’s” resident agent in Minsk. “The second mediator and
contact between “The Black Woman” “and “Galya” was the Minsk cinema
manager Nikolai Pokhlebayev. “The agent responsible for
the assassination of Kube is “Elena Grigoryevna
Mazanik, codename “Galya”. “The people listed above
knew about the preparation “and carrying out of the operation.” Nadezhda Viktorovna Troyan. For her assistance in taking out
the Generalkommisar of Belarus Kube she was awarded with the
title of Hero of the Soviet Union. In 1947 she graduated from the
1st University of Medicine of Moscow. She was the director of the
Health Clearance Research Institute of the Health Department of the USSR, and also worked as the
associated professor at the Department of Surgery of the
1st University of Medicine of Moscow. She died on September 7th, 2011. Maria Borisovna Osipova. For her assistance in taking out
the Generalkommisar of Belarus Kube she was awarded with the
title of Hero of the Soviet Union. After the war she lived in Minsk. Deputy to the Supreme Soviet
of Belorussian Soviet Republic. Member of the Supreme Court
of Belorussian Soviet Republic, the Belarus Peace Committee. She died on February 5th, 1999. Elena Grigoryevna Mazanik. For her assistance in taking out
the Generalkommisar of Belarus Kube she was awarded with the
title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Graduated from the
Higher Party School of the Central Committee of the
Communist Party of Belarus, and then from the Minsk
Pedagogical University. Worked as the assistant
director of the main library of the Academy of Science of Belarus. Honored worker of culture of Belarus. She died on April 7th, 1996. Kube’s wife Anita gave
birth to a healthy child. After the war she wrote to
Elena Mazanik several times, but according to witnesses,
she never read the letters. Starting December of 1943,
Fyodorov’s guerrilla force was active behind enemy lines in Poland. On April 17th, 1944, a
courier arrived to the unit and said that the Germans
had entered Wojskowice village and were rounding up the villagers
for complete extermination. Fyodorov alerted 30 horseback soldiers. By the end of the day the punitive
unit was completely decimated. That’s it, let’s go! Come on! Fydorov ordered his unit
to retreat into the forest, and stayed behind with three
soldiers to cover the retreat. Comrade Commander… Thanks, that’s going to come in handy. Put a machinegun on the roof! Yes, sir! Voloshin, to the house! Yes, sir! Slava, to the barn! Okay! That was when a big SS
platoon arrived to the village. The Nazis had a significant
advantage in numbers. When the unit disappeared
inside the forest, Fyodorov rode after them. That was when a bullet caught up with him. After a conference, Stalin
asked General Kuznetsov: “Do you remember what
was awarded to Fyodorov “for his heroic deed?” “He was awarded the Order of
Lenin for the Kube assassination. “He never received
any awards after that.” “How can it be that he wasn’t
named a Hero of the Soviet Union? “We have to correct this
mistake as soon as possible. “For the sake of the hero’s
memory, for the sake of his family!” On November 21st of 1944,
Nikolai Petrovich Fyodorov was entitled the Hero
of the Soviet Union… …posthumously.

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